Probabilistic Modeling in Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics

Probabilistic Modeling in Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics PDF Book
  • Author : Dirk Husmeier
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2006-03-30
  • ISBN : 9781846281198
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

Probabilistic Modelling in Bioinformatics and Medical Informatics has been written for researchers and students in statistics, machine learning, and the biological sciences. The first part of this book provides a self-contained introduction to the methodology of Bayesian networks. The following parts demonstrate how these methods are applied in bioinformatics and medical informatics. All three fields - the methodology of probabilistic modeling, bioinformatics, and medical informatics - are evolving very quickly. The text should therefore be seen as an introduction, offering both elementary tutorials as well as more advanced applications and case studies.

Asymptotic Theory of Statistics and Probability

Asymptotic Theory of Statistics and Probability PDF Book
  • Author : Anirban DasGupta
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-02-06
  • ISBN : 9780387759715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

This unique book delivers an encyclopedic treatment of classic as well as contemporary large sample theory, dealing with both statistical problems and probabilistic issues and tools. The book is unique in its detailed coverage of fundamental topics. It is written in an extremely lucid style, with an emphasis on the conceptual discussion of the importance of a problem and the impact and relevance of the theorems. There is no other book in large sample theory that matches this book in coverage, exercises and examples, bibliography, and lucid conceptual discussion of issues and theorems.

Handbook on Loss Reserving

Handbook on Loss Reserving PDF Book
  • Author : Michael Radtke
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-26
  • ISBN : 9783319300566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

This handbook presents the basic aspects of actuarial loss reserving. Besides the traditional methods, it also includes a description of more recent ones and a discussion of certain problems occurring in actuarial practice, like inflation, scarce data, large claims, slow loss development, the use of market statistics, the need for simulation techniques and the task of calculating best estimates and ranges of future losses. In property and casualty insurance the provisions for payment obligations from losses that have occurred but have not yet been settled usually constitute the largest item on the liabilities side of an insurer's balance sheet. For this reason, the determination and evaluation of these loss reserves is of considerable economic importance for every property and casualty insurer. Actuarial students, academics as well as practicing actuaries will benefit from this overview of the most important actuarial methods of loss reserving by developing an understanding of the underlying stochastic models and how to practically solve some problems which may occur in actuarial practice.

Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics for Astronomy

Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics for Astronomy PDF Book
  • Author : N. Ageorges
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-17
  • ISBN : 9789401596244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

Adaptive optics allows the theoretical limit of angular resolution to be achieved from a large telescope, despite the presence of turbulence. Thus an eight meter class telescope, such as one of the four in the Very Large Telescope operated by ESO in Chile, will in future be routinely capable of an angular resolution of almost 0.01 arcsec, compared tot he present resolution of about 0.5 arcsec for conventional imaging in good condition. All the world's major telescopes either have adaptive optics or are in the process of building AO systems. It turns out that a reasonable fraction of the sky can be observed using adaptive optics, with moderately good imaging quality, provided imaging in done in the near IR. To move out of the near IR, with its relatively poor angular resolution, astronomers need a laser guide star. There is a layer of Na atoms at approximately 90 km altitude that can be excited by a laser to produce such a source, or Rayleigh scattering can be employed lower in the atmosphere. But the production and use of laser guide stars is not trivial, and the key issues determining their successful implementation are discussed here, including the physics of the Na atom, the cone effect, tilt determination, sky coverage, and numerous potential astronomical applications.

Statistics and Research Methods in Psychology with Excel

Statistics and Research Methods in Psychology with Excel PDF Book
  • Author : J.P. Verma
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-08-27
  • ISBN : 9789811334290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

This book, specifically developed for students of psychology, covers a wide range of topics in statistics and research designs taught in psychology, in particular, and other disciplines like management, sociology, education, home science, and nutrition, in general, in most universities. It explains how to use Excel to analyze research data by elaborating statistical concepts. Each chapter contains sections like “Check you Computing skill” and “Check your Statistical Concepts” to enable students to assess their knowledge in a graded manner. The book addresses one of the major challenges in psychology research, viz., how to measure subjective phenomenon like attitude, desire, and preferences of an individual. Separate emphasis has been given to the measurement techniques which are essential tools to assess these subjective parameters in numerical form, required for statistical analysis to draw meaningful conclusions. The book is equally helpful to students of humanities, life sciences and other applied areas. Consisting of 14 chapters, the book covers all relevant topics of statistics and research designs which are important for students to plan and complete their research work.

Reliability Engineering

Reliability Engineering PDF Book
  • Author : A. Birolini
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-17
  • ISBN : 9783662037928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

Reliability engineering is a rapidly evolving discipline, whose purpose is to develop methods and tools to predict, evaluate, and demonstrate reliability, maintainability, and availability of components, equipment, and systems, as well as to support development and production engineers in building in reliability and maintainability. To be cost and time effective, reliability engineering has to be coordinated with quality assurance activities, in agreement with Total Quality Management (TQM) and Concurrent Engineering efforts. To build in reliability and maintainability into complex equipment or systems, failure rate and failure mode analyses have to be performed early in the development phase and be supported by design guidelines for reliability, maintainability, and software quality as well as by extensive design reviews. Before production, qualification tests on prototypes are necessary to ensure that quality and reliability targets have been met. In the production phase, processes need to be selected and monitored to assure the required quality level. For many systems, availability requirements have also to be satisfied. In these cases, stochastic processes can be used to investigate and optimize availability. including logistical support as well. Software often plays a dominant role, requiring specific quality assurance activities. This book presents the state-of-the-art of reliability engineering, both in theory and practice. It is based on over 25 years experience of the author in this field, half of which was in industry and half as Professor for reliability engineering at the ETH (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich).

Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance

Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance PDF Book
  • Author : Marco Corazza
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-28
  • ISBN : 9783319502342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

This volume gathers selected peer-reviewed papers presented at the international conference "MAF 2016 – Mathematical and Statistical Methods for Actuarial Sciences and Finance”, held in Paris (France) at the Université Paris-Dauphine from March 30 to April 1, 2016. The contributions highlight new ideas on mathematical and statistical methods in actuarial sciences and finance. The cooperation between mathematicians and statisticians working in insurance and finance is a very fruitful field, one that yields unique theoretical models and practical applications, as well as new insights in the discussion of problems of national and international interest. This volume is addressed to academicians, researchers, Ph.D. students and professionals.

An Introduction to Heavy Tailed and Subexponential Distributions

An Introduction to Heavy Tailed and Subexponential Distributions PDF Book
  • Author : Sergey Foss
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-05-21
  • ISBN : 9781461471011
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

Heavy-tailed probability distributions are an important component in the modeling of many stochastic systems. They are frequently used to accurately model inputs and outputs of computer and data networks and service facilities such as call centers. They are an essential for describing risk processes in finance and also for insurance premia pricing, and such distributions occur naturally in models of epidemiological spread. The class includes distributions with power law tails such as the Pareto, as well as the lognormal and certain Weibull distributions. One of the highlights of this new edition is that it includes problems at the end of each chapter. Chapter 5 is also updated to include interesting applications to queueing theory, risk, and branching processes. New results are presented in a simple, coherent and systematic way. Graduate students as well as modelers in the fields of finance, insurance, network science and environmental studies will find this book to be an essential reference.

The Spanish Economy

The Spanish Economy PDF Book
  • Author : J. Boscá
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-05-26
  • ISBN : 9780230307544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

This book examines the pattern of growth of the Spanish economy in the last few decades, and studies the causes of its labour productivity, and the special features characterising business cycles in Spain.

Asymptotic Statistics

Asymptotic Statistics PDF Book
  • Author : Petr Mandl
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • ISBN : 9783642579844
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

In particular up-to-date-information is presented in detection of systematic changes, in series of observation, in robust regression analysis, in numerical empirical processes and in related areas of actuarial sciences.

Permutation Tests in Shape Analysis

Permutation Tests in Shape Analysis PDF Book
  • Author : LUIGI SALMASO
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-09-06
  • ISBN : 9781461481638
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

Statistical shape analysis is a geometrical analysis from a set of shapes in which statistics are measured to describe geometrical properties from similar shapes or different groups, for instance, the difference between male and female Gorilla skull shapes, normal and pathological bone shapes, etc. Some of the important aspects of shape analysis are to obtain a measure of distance between shapes, to estimate average shapes from a (possibly random) sample and to estimate shape variability in a sample[1]. One of the main methods used is principal component analysis. Specific applications of shape analysis may be found in archaeology, architecture, biology, geography, geology, agriculture, genetics, medical imaging, security applications such as face recognition, entertainment industry (movies, games), computer-aided design and manufacturing. This is a proposal for a new Brief on statistical shape analysis and the various new parametric and non-parametric methods utilized to facilitate shape analysis. ​ ​

Fundamentals of High Dimensional Statistics

Fundamentals of High Dimensional Statistics PDF Book
  • Author : Johannes Lederer
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-11-16
  • ISBN : 9783030737924
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book Description :

This textbook provides a step-by-step introduction to the tools and principles of high-dimensional statistics. Each chapter is complemented by numerous exercises, many of them with detailed solutions, and computer labs in R that convey valuable practical insights. The book covers the theory and practice of high-dimensional linear regression, graphical models, and inference, ensuring readers have a smooth start in the field. It also offers suggestions for further reading. Given its scope, the textbook is intended for beginning graduate and advanced undergraduate students in statistics, biostatistics, and bioinformatics, though it will be equally useful to a broader audience.