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Water Footprint And Virtual Water Trade In Spain

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Water Footprint and Virtual Water Trade in Spain

Water Footprint and Virtual Water Trade in Spain Book
Author : Alberto Garrido,M. Ramón Llamas,Consuelo Varela-Ortega,Paula Novo,Roberto Rodríguez-Casado,Maite M. Aldaya
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-03-25
ISBN : 1441957413
File Size : 44,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

1.1 General Framework In most arid and semi-arid countries, water resource management is an issue that is both important and controversial. Most water resources experts now acknowledge that water conflicts are not caused by physical scarcity but are mainly due to poor water management (Rosegrant et al. 2002; Benoit and Comeau 2005; Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture 2007; Garrido and Dinar 2010, among others). The scientific and technological advances of the past 50 years have led to new ways to solve many water-related conflicts, often with tools that seemed unthinkable a few decades ago (Llamas 2005; Lopez-Gunn and Llamas 2008). This study deals with the estimation and analysis of Spain’s water footprint, both from a hydrological and economic perspective. Its ultimate objective is to report on the allocative efficiency of water and economic resources. This analysis can provide a transparent and multidisciplinary framework for informing and optimising water policy decisions, contributing at the same time to the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) (2000/60/EC). It also responds to the current mandate of the Spanish Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs, which recently issued instructions for drafting river basin management plans in compliance with the EU Water Framework Directive, with a deadline of end of year 2009 and then every 6 years (BOE 2008).

Water Footprint and Virtual Water Trade in Spain

Water Footprint and Virtual Water Trade in Spain Book
Author : Alberto Garrido,M. Ramón Llamas,Consuelo Varela-Ortega,Paula Novo,Roberto Rodríguez-Casado,Maite M. Aldaya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-04-07
ISBN : 9781441957405
File Size : 46,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

1.1 General Framework In most arid and semi-arid countries, water resource management is an issue that is both important and controversial. Most water resources experts now acknowledge that water conflicts are not caused by physical scarcity but are mainly due to poor water management (Rosegrant et al. 2002; Benoit and Comeau 2005; Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture 2007; Garrido and Dinar 2010, among others). The scientific and technological advances of the past 50 years have led to new ways to solve many water-related conflicts, often with tools that seemed unthinkable a few decades ago (Llamas 2005; Lopez-Gunn and Llamas 2008). This study deals with the estimation and analysis of Spain’s water footprint, both from a hydrological and economic perspective. Its ultimate objective is to report on the allocative efficiency of water and economic resources. This analysis can provide a transparent and multidisciplinary framework for informing and optimising water policy decisions, contributing at the same time to the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) (2000/60/EC). It also responds to the current mandate of the Spanish Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs, which recently issued instructions for drafting river basin management plans in compliance with the EU Water Framework Directive, with a deadline of end of year 2009 and then every 6 years (BOE 2008).

Water Policy in Spain

Water Policy in Spain Book
Author : Alberto Garrido,M. Ramon Llamas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-08-11
ISBN : 0203866029
File Size : 31,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Though the modern Spanish State was formed in the mid Fifteenth Century, historical records show that water works, statues, and the utilization of water dates back to centuries BC. As a semi-arid country, the effort to control, store and assure water supplies to cities and fields is present in numerous historical and political landmarks.Water polic

The Water Footprint Assessment Manual

The Water Footprint Assessment Manual Book
Author : Maite M. Aldaya,Ashok K. Chapagain,Arjen Y. Hoekstra,Mesfin M. Mekonnen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-08-21
ISBN : 1136538526
File Size : 55,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

People use lots of water for drinking, cooking and washing, but significantly more for producing things such as food, paper and cotton clothes. The water footprint is an indicator of water use that looks at both direct and indirect water use of a consumer or producer. Indirect use refers to the 'virtual water' embedded in tradable goods and commodities, such as cereals, sugar or cotton. The water footprint of an individual, community or business is defined as the total volume of freshwater that is used to produce the goods and services consumed by the individual or community or produced by the business. This book offers a complete and up-to-date overview of the global standard on water footprint assessment as developed by the Water Footprint Network. More specifically it: o Provides a comprehensive set of methods for water footprint assessment o Shows how water footprints can be calculated for individual processes and products, as well as for consumers, nations and businesses o Contains detailed worked examples of how to calculate green, blue and grey water footprints o Describes how to assess the sustainability of the aggregated water footprint within a river basin or the water footprint of a specific product o Includes an extensive library of possible measures that can contribute to water footprint reduction

Water Policy in Spain

Water Policy in Spain Book
Author : Alberto Garrido,M. Ramon Llamas
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-05-22
ISBN : 9781138114432
File Size : 38,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Water policy in Spain has been the focus of Spanish-speaking scholars for decades, yet a comprehensive treatment of the subject has never before been published in English. This book fills this gap by providing a comprehensive, detailed account of the history of water policy in Spain from the beginnings of the 20th century to the present day. It presents a synopsis of the physical, economic, environmental, and climatic bases of Spain, highlighting corresponding political topics. It then covers the major constraints and opportunities influencing major water policy challenges and includes an in-depth account of water policy.

Globalization of Water

Globalization of Water Book
Author : Arjen Y. Hoekstra,Ashok K. Chapagain
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-31
ISBN : 1444360191
File Size : 28,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Globalization of Water is a first-of-its-kind review of the critical relationship between globalization and sustainable water management. It explores the impact of international trade on local water depletion and pollution and identifies “water dependent” nations. Examines the critical link between water management and international trade, considering how local water depletion and pollution are often closely tied to the structure of the global economy Offers a consumer-based indicator of each nation’s water use: the water footprint Questions whether trade can enhance global water use efficiency, or whether it simply shifts the environmental burden to a distant location Highlights the hidden link between national consumption and the use of water resources across the globe, identifying the threats facing ‘water dependent’ countries worldwide Provides a state-of-the-art review and in-depth data source for a new field of knowledge

The Global Water System in the Anthropocene

The Global Water System in the Anthropocene Book
Author : Anik Bhaduri,Janos Bogardi,Jan Leentvaar,Sina Marx
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-08-11
ISBN : 3319075489
File Size : 22,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

The Global Water System in the Anthropocene provides the platform to present global and regional perspectives of world-wide experiences on the responses of water management to global change in order to address issues such as variability in supply, increasing demands for water, environmental flows and land use change. It helps to build links between science and policy and practice in the area of water resources management and governance, relates institutional and technological innovations and identifies in which ways research can assist policy and practice in the field of sustainable freshwater management. Until the industrial revolution, human beings and their activities played an insignificant role influencing the dynamics of the Earth system, the sum of our planet‘s interacting physical, chemical, and biological processes. Today, humankind even exceeds nature in terms of changing the biosphere and affecting all other facets of Earth system functioning. A growing number of scientists argue that humanity has entered a new geological epoch that needs a corresponding name: the Anthropocene. Human activities impact the global water system as part of the Earth system and change the way water moves around the globe like never before. Thus, managing freshwater use wisely in the planetary water cycle has become a key challenge to reach global environmental sustainability.

Water Peace and War

Water  Peace  and War Book
Author : Brahma Chellaney
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2015-03-01
ISBN : 1442249285
File Size : 26,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Now in an updated edition, this pioneering and authoritative study considers the profound impact of the growing global water crunch on international peace and security as well as possible ways to mitigate the crisis. Although water is essential to sustaining life and livelihoods, geostrategist Brahma Chellaney argues that it remains the world’s most underappreciated and undervalued resource. One sobering fact is that the retail price of bottled water is already higher than the international spot price of crude oil. But unlike oil, water has no substitute, raising the specter of water becoming the next flashpoint for conflict. Water war as a concept may not mesh with the conventional construct of warfare, especially for those who plan with tanks, combat planes, and attack submarines as weapons. Yet armies don’t necessarily have to march to battle to seize or defend water resources. Water wars—in a political, diplomatic, or economic sense—are already being waged between riparian neighbors in many parts of the world, fueling cycles of bitter recrimination, exacerbating water challenges, and fostering mistrust that impedes broader regional cooperation and integration. The danger is that these water wars could escalate to armed conflict or further limit already stretched food and energy production. Writing in a direct, nontechnical, and engaging style, Brahma Chellaney draws on a wide range of research from scientific and policy fields to examine the different global linkages between water and peace. Offering a holistic picture and integrated solutions, his book has become the recognized authority on the most precious natural resource of this century and how we can secure humankind’s water future.