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Trade Employment And Labour Standards A Study Of Core Workers Rights And International Trade

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Trade Employment and Labour Standards

Trade  Employment and Labour Standards Book
Author : Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 1996-01-01
ISBN : 9789264152700
File Size : 44,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Trade employment and wages.

International Labor Standards and International Trade

International Labor Standards and International Trade Book
Author : Mr.Stephen S. Golub
Publisher : International Monetary Fund
Release : 1997-04-01
ISBN : 1451845537
File Size : 53,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

This paper reviews controversies regarding linkage of international trade and labor standards. Pressures for international harmonization of labor standards arise in the context of increased trade between countries with large disparities in wages, and also reflect the history of labor standards. A critical distinction is made between standards related to fundamental human rights and those related to employment conditions. The main conclusion is that trade sanctions to enforce labor standards should not be an option, but that international agreements on core labor standards, with voluntary compliance, may, apart from being worthwhile on ethical grounds, defuse calls for protection.

Should Core Labor Standards be Imposed Through International Trade Policy

Should Core Labor Standards be Imposed Through International Trade Policy   Book
Author : Keith Eugene Maskus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
File Size : 23,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

August 1997 Weak provision of core labor standards in developing countries has complex effects on competitiveness and trade. The problem cannot be treated effectively by imposing trade sanctions, but should instead be approached through programs aimed directly at poverty reduction, education reforms, and disclosure of information. Numerous proposals have surfaced recently to incorporate a clause about labor standards in the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Such a clause would require each WTO member to recognize and enforce certain core labor standards: forbidding forced labor, discrimination, and the exploitation of child workers and guaranteeing the rights of workers to associate freely and engage in collective bargaining with employers. Failure to provide core labor standards would subject a country to international trade sanctions. Maskus analyzes links between core labor standards and international trade policy. He develops a series of simple models to see whether limiting core labor standards in export sectors of developing countries can improve the countries' price competitiveness in export markets. He concludes that deficient provision of core labor standards generally diminishes export competitiveness rather than improving it, because of the distortionary effects of those deficiencies. In other words, concerns about the negative impact on industrial countries of limited wage, employment, and labor standards in developing countries are largely misplaced- one exception: exploiting child labor could expand exports in highly labor-intensive sectors. But wage spillovers into industrial economy labor markets must be trivial, and there is no empirical evidence that the use of child labor provides measurable competitive advantages. Do international trade sanctions serve a legitimate, effective role in penalizing countries that fail to observe core labor standards? Maskus points out that trade restrictions are blunt, indirect instruments and may be counterproductive, harming the people they are designed to help and ineffective in achieving stated goals. Thus, including in WTO rules a social clause guaranteeing core labor standards would reduce global efficiency for a small gain. Some approaches- compensation programs from wealthy countries, focused on poverty reduction and better access to education- be more effective and less costly than trade restrictions. At the same time, the International Labor Organization could improve its monitoring and publicity efforts, to raise international consciousness about labor standards. This paper-a product of the Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to analyze trade barriers facing developing countries.

International Labor Standards

International Labor Standards Book
Author : Robert J. Flanagan,William B. Gould
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780804746908
File Size : 40,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

This book provides the most thorough empirical assessment to date of the impact of international regulation on labor standards and conditions, and critically analyzes the common race-to-the-bottom view that globalization and international competition can only further degrade labor standards.

International Trade and Core Labour Standards

International Trade and Core Labour Standards Book
Author : OECD
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2000-10-10
ISBN : 9264188002
File Size : 34,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Provides a current overview of key issues with respect to core labour standards and their relation to trade and employment

Labour Laws and Global Trade

Labour Laws and Global Trade Book
Author : Bob Hepple
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2005-03-25
ISBN : 1847312306
File Size : 20,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

The focus of globalisation studies is on how global processes can be better regulated in order to deliver both economic growth and social justice. Labour laws provide an excellent case study of the creation of a new framework to reconcile free trade and investment with social objectives. This book,written by a leading authority on international and comparative labour law, provides a thoughtful and comprehensive analysis of the new methods of transnational labour regulation that are emerging in response to globalisation. The author reassesses orthodox views, from the viewpoint of a theory of comparative institutional advantage, and suggests ways in which transnational regulation can be re-invented in the new global economy This will be of interest to students of law, human rights, industrial relations, globalisation, international trade and development, as well as policy-makers in international and regional organisations, governments, employers' bodies, trade unions and NGOs.

Should Core Labor Standards Be Imposed Through International Trade Policy

Should Core Labor Standards Be Imposed Through International Trade Policy  Book
Author : Keith Eugene Maskus
Publisher : World Bank Publications
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
File Size : 47,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

August 1997 Weak provision of core labor standards in developing countries has complex effects on competitiveness and trade. The problem cannot be treated effectively by imposing trade sanctions, but should instead be approached through programs aimed directly at poverty reduction, education reforms, and disclosure of information. Numerous proposals have surfaced recently to incorporate a clause about labor standards in the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Such a clause would require each WTO member to recognize and enforce certain core labor standards: forbidding forced labor, discrimination, and the exploitation of child workers and guaranteeing the rights of workers to associate freely and engage in collective bargaining with employers. Failure to provide core labor standards would subject a country to international trade sanctions. Maskus analyzes links between core labor standards and international trade policy. He develops a series of simple models to see whether limiting core labor standards in export sectors of developing countries can improve the countries' price competitiveness in export markets. He concludes that deficient provision of core labor standards generally diminishes export competitiveness rather than improving it, because of the distortionary effects of those deficiencies. In other words, concerns about the negative impact on industrial countries of limited wage, employment, and labor standards in developing countries are largely misplaced- one exception: exploiting child labor could expand exports in highly labor-intensive sectors. But wage spillovers into industrial economy labor markets must be trivial, and there is no empirical evidence that the use of child labor provides measurable competitive advantages. Do international trade sanctions serve a legitimate, effective role in penalizing countries that fail to observe core labor standards? Maskus points out that trade restrictions are blunt, indirect instruments and may be counterproductive, harming the people they are designed to help and ineffective in achieving stated goals. Thus, including in WTO rules a social clause guaranteeing core labor standards would reduce global efficiency for a small gain. Some approaches- compensation programs from wealthy countries, focused on poverty reduction and better access to education- be more effective and less costly than trade restrictions. At the same time, the International Labor Organization could improve its monitoring and publicity efforts, to raise international consciousness about labor standards. This paper-a product of the Development Research Group-is part of a larger effort in the group to analyze trade barriers facing developing countries.