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The Threshold Of Democracy

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The Threshold of Democracy

The Threshold of Democracy Book
Author : Mark C. Carnes,Josiah Ober
Publisher : Longman
Release : 2004-11
ISBN : 9780321333032
File Size : 23,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


The Threshold of Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

Innovative and engaging, The Threshold of Democracy: Athens in 403 B.C. explores the intellectual dynamics of democracy by recreating the historical context that shaped its evolution. Part of the “Reacting to the Past” series, this text consists of elaborate games in which students are assigned roles, informed by classic texts, set in particular moments of intellectual and social ferment. Issues of the time are sorted out by a polity fractured into radical and moderate democrats, oligarchs, and Socratics, among others.

The Threshold of Democracy

The Threshold of Democracy Book
Author : Josiah Ober,Naomi J. Norman,Mark C. Carnes,Mark Christopher Carnes
Publisher : W W Norton & Company Incorporated
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9780393938876
File Size : 42,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


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A Norton original in the Reacting to the Past series, The Threshold of Democracy re-creates the intellectual dynamics of one of the most formative periods in western history.

Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens

Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens Book
Author : Josiah Ober
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2009-10-01
ISBN : 1400820510
File Size : 34,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens Book PDF/Epub Download

This book asks an important question often ignored by ancient historians and political scientists alike: Why did Athenian democracy work as well and for as long as it did? Josiah Ober seeks the answer by analyzing the sociology of Athenian politics and the nature of communication between elite and nonelite citizens. After a preliminary survey of the development of the Athenian "constitution," he focuses on the role of political and legal rhetoric. As jurymen and Assemblymen, the citizen masses of Athens retained important powers, and elite Athenian politicians and litigants needed to address these large bodies of ordinary citizens in terms understandable and acceptable to the audience. This book probes the social strategies behind the rhetorical tactics employed by elite speakers. A close reading of the speeches exposes both egalitarian and elitist elements in Athenian popular ideology. Ober demonstrates that the vocabulary of public speech constituted a democratic discourse that allowed the Athenians to resolve contradictions between the ideal of political equality and the reality of social inequality. His radical reevaluation of leadership and political power in classical Athens restores key elements of the social and ideological context of the first western democracy.

The Perpetual Immigrant and the Limits of Athenian Democracy

The Perpetual Immigrant and the Limits of Athenian Democracy Book
Author : Demetra Kasimis
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-08-16
ISBN : 1107052432
File Size : 41,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


The Perpetual Immigrant and the Limits of Athenian Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

Argues that immigration politics is a central - but overlooked - object of inquiry in the democratic thought of classical Athens. Thinkers criticized democracy's strategic investments in nativism, the shifting boundaries of citizenship, and the precarious membership that a blood-based order effects for those eligible and ineligible to claim it.

Status in Classical Athens

Status in Classical Athens Book
Author : Deborah Kamen
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2013-07-21
ISBN : 0691138133
File Size : 22,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Status in Classical Athens Book PDF/Epub Download

Ancient Greek literature, Athenian civic ideology, and modern classical scholarship have all worked together to reinforce the idea that there were three neatly defined status groups in classical Athens--citizens, slaves, and resident foreigners. But this book--the first comprehensive account of status in ancient democratic Athens--clearly lays out the evidence for a much broader and more complex spectrum of statuses, one that has important implications for understanding Greek social and cultural history. By revealing a social and legal reality otherwise masked by Athenian ideology, Deborah Kamen illuminates the complexity of Athenian social structure, uncovers tensions between democratic ideology and practice, and contributes to larger questions about the relationship between citizenship and democracy. Each chapter is devoted to one of ten distinct status groups in classical Athens (451/0-323 BCE): chattel slaves, privileged chattel slaves, conditionally freed slaves, resident foreigners (metics), privileged metics, bastards, disenfranchised citizens, naturalized citizens, female citizens, and male citizens. Examining a wide range of literary, epigraphic, and legal evidence, as well as factors not generally considered together, such as property ownership, corporal inviolability, and religious rights, the book demonstrates the important legal and social distinctions that were drawn between various groups of individuals in Athens. At the same time, it reveals that the boundaries between these groups were less fixed and more permeable than Athenians themselves acknowledged. The book concludes by trying to explain why ancient Greek literature maintains the fiction of three status groups despite a far more complex reality.

Athenian Democracy

Athenian Democracy Book
Author : John Thorley
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-08-21
ISBN : 1134364598
File Size : 25,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Athenian Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

The fifth century BC witnessed not only the emergence of one of the first democracies, but also the Persian and the Peloponnesian Wars. John Thorley provides a concise analysis of the development and operation of Athenian democracy against this backdrop. Taking into account both primary source material and the work of modern historians, Athenian Democracy examines: * the prelude to democracy * how the democractic system emerged * how this system worked in practice * the efficiency of this system of government * the success of Athenian democracy. Including a useful chronology and blibliography, this second edition has been updated to take into account recent research.

Crises of Democracy

Crises of Democracy Book
Author : Adam Przeworski
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-09-26
ISBN : 1108498809
File Size : 26,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


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Examines the economic, social, cultural, as well as purely political threats to democracy in the light of current knowledge.

Ancient Greek Democracy

Ancient Greek Democracy Book
Author : Eric W. Robinson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-15
ISBN : 047075219X
File Size : 21,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Ancient Greek Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

This book invites readers to join in a fresh and extensive investigation of one of Ancient Greece’s greatest inventions: democratic government. Provides an accessible, up-to-date survey of vital issues in Greek democracy. Covers democracy’s origins, growth and essential nature. Raises questions of continuing interest. Combines ancient texts in translation and recent scholarly articles. Invites the reader into a process of historical investigation. Contains maps, a glossary and an index.

Revolutionary Multiculturalism

Revolutionary Multiculturalism Book
Author : Peter Mclaren
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-02-12
ISBN : 0429977220
File Size : 34,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Revolutionary Multiculturalism Book PDF/Epub Download

This work by one of North America's leading educational theorists and cultural critics culminates a decade of social analyses that focuses on the political economy of schooling, Paulo Freire and literacy education, hip-hop culture, and multicultural education. Peter McLaren also examines the work of Baudrillard as well as Bourdieu's reflexive sociology.Always in McLaren's work is a profound understanding of the relationship among advanced capitalism, the politics of knowledge, and the formation of identity. One of the central themes of this volume is the relationship between the political and the pedagogical for educators, activists, artists, and other cultural workers. McLaren argues that the central project ahead in the struggle for social justice is not so much the politics of diversity as the global decentering and dismantling of whiteness. This volume also contains an interview with the author.

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East

Islam and Democracy in the Middle East Book
Author : Larry Diamond,Marc F. Plattner,Daniel Brumberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003-08-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
File Size : 34,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Islam and Democracy in the Middle East Book PDF/Epub Download

Thirty articles reprinted from issues of the Journal of Democracy investigate why the Middle East is the only region of the world to have been largely untouched by the third wave of global democratizations since 1974. Political scientists, most from or working in western countries, look at such aspects as the decline of pluralism in Mubarak's Egypt, Iran's remarkable election, and the sources of enlightened Muslim thought. Annotation ♭2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (

The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece

The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece Book
Author : Josiah Ober
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2016-10-04
ISBN : 0691173141
File Size : 55,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece Book PDF/Epub Download

A major new history of classical Greece—how it rose, how it fell, and what we can learn from it Lord Byron described Greece as great, fallen, and immortal, a characterization more apt than he knew. Through most of its long history, Greece was poor. But in the classical era, Greece was densely populated and highly urbanized. Many surprisingly healthy Greeks lived in remarkably big houses and worked for high wages at specialized occupations. Middle-class spending drove sustained economic growth and classical wealth produced a stunning cultural efflorescence lasting hundreds of years. Why did Greece reach such heights in the classical period—and why only then? And how, after "the Greek miracle" had endured for centuries, did the Macedonians defeat the Greeks, seemingly bringing an end to their glory? Drawing on a massive body of newly available data and employing novel approaches to evidence, Josiah Ober offers a major new history of classical Greece and an unprecedented account of its rise and fall. Ober argues that Greece's rise was no miracle but rather the result of political breakthroughs and economic development. The extraordinary emergence of citizen-centered city-states transformed Greece into a society that defeated the mighty Persian Empire. Yet Philip and Alexander of Macedon were able to beat the Greeks in the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE, a victory made possible by the Macedonians' appropriation of Greek innovations. After Alexander's death, battle-hardened warlords fought ruthlessly over the remnants of his empire. But Greek cities remained populous and wealthy, their economy and culture surviving to be passed on to the Romans—and to us. A compelling narrative filled with uncanny modern parallels, this is a book for anyone interested in how great civilizations are born and die. This book is based on evidence available on a new interactive website. To learn more, please visit:

A Savage Order

A Savage Order Book
Author : Rachel Kleinfeld
Publisher : Vintage
Release : 2019-10-22
ISBN : 0525432965
File Size : 20,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


A Savage Order Book PDF/Epub Download

The most violent places in the world today are not at war. They are instead buckling under a maelstrom of gangs, organized crime, political conflict, corruption, and state brutality. Such devastating violence can feel hopeless, yet some places—from Colombia to the Republic of Georgia—have been able to recover. Taking on existing literature and popular theories about war, crime, and foreign intervention, A Savage Order is a blistering yet inspiring investigation into what makes some countries peaceful and others war zones, and a blueprint for what we can do to help. Drawing on fifteen years of study and firsthand field research—interviewing generals, former guerrillas, activists, politicians, and law enforcement in countries around the world—Rachel Kleinfeld tells the stories of societies, including our own, that successfully fought seemingly ingrained violence and offers penetrating conclusions about what must be done to build governments that are able to protect the lives of their citizens.

Against Democracy

Against Democracy Book
Author : Jason Brennan
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2017-09-26
ISBN : 1400888395
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Against Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

A bracingly provocative challenge to one of our most cherished ideas and institutions Most people believe democracy is a uniquely just form of government. They believe people have the right to an equal share of political power. And they believe that political participation is good for us—it empowers us, helps us get what we want, and tends to make us smarter, more virtuous, and more caring for one another. These are some of our most cherished ideas about democracy. But Jason Brennan says they are all wrong. In this trenchant book, Brennan argues that democracy should be judged by its results—and the results are not good enough. Just as defendants have a right to a fair trial, citizens have a right to competent government. But democracy is the rule of the ignorant and the irrational, and it all too often falls short. Furthermore, no one has a fundamental right to any share of political power, and exercising political power does most of us little good. On the contrary, a wide range of social science research shows that political participation and democratic deliberation actually tend to make people worse—more irrational, biased, and mean. Given this grim picture, Brennan argues that a new system of government—epistocracy, the rule of the knowledgeable—may be better than democracy, and that it's time to experiment and find out. A challenging critique of democracy and the first sustained defense of the rule of the knowledgeable, Against Democracy is essential reading for scholars and students of politics across the disciplines. Featuring a new preface that situates the book within the current political climate and discusses other alternatives beyond epistocracy, Against Democracy is a challenging critique of democracy and the first sustained defense of the rule of the knowledgeable.

Democracy Without Shortcuts

Democracy Without Shortcuts Book
Author : Cristina Lafont
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2020-01-12
ISBN : 0198848188
File Size : 24,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Democracy Without Shortcuts Book PDF/Epub Download

This book articulates a participatory conception of deliberative democracy that takes the democratic ideal of self-government seriously. It aims to improve citizens' democratic control and vindicate the value of citizens' participation against conceptions that threaten to undermine it. The book critically analyzes deep pluralist, epistocratic, and lottocratic conceptions of democracy. Their defenders propose various institutional ''shortcuts'' to help solve problems of democratic governance such as overcoming disagreements, citizens' political ignorance, or poor-quality deliberation. However, all these shortcut proposals require citizens to blindly defer to actors over whose decisions they cannot exercise control. Implementing such proposals would therefore undermine democracy. Moreover, it seems naive to assume that a community can reach better outcomes 'faster' if it bypasses the beliefs and attitudes of its citizens. Unfortunately, there are no 'shortcuts' to make a community better than its members. The only road to better outcomes is the long, participatory road that is taken when citizens forge a collective will by changing one another's hearts and minds. However difficult the process of justifying political decisions to one another may be, skipping it cannot get us any closer to the democratic ideal. Starting from this conviction, the book defends a conception of democracy ''without shortcuts''. This conception sheds new light on long-standing debates about the proper scope of public reason, the role of religion in politics, and the democratic legitimacy of judicial review. It also proposes new ways to unleash the democratic potential of institutional innovations such as deliberative minipublics.

Pedagogy of Freedom

Pedagogy of Freedom Book
Author : Paulo Freire
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
Release : 2000-12-13
ISBN : 1461640652
File Size : 37,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Pedagogy of Freedom Book PDF/Epub Download

This book displays the striking creativity and profound insight that characterized Freire's work to the very end of his life-an uplifting and provocative exploration not only for educators, but also for all that learn and live.

Costly Democracy

Costly Democracy Book
Author : Christoph Zürcher,Carrie Manning,Kristie D. Evenson,Rachel Hayman,Sarah,Nora Roehner
Publisher : Stanford University Press
Release : 2013-01-09
ISBN : 0804784671
File Size : 34,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Costly Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

Peacebuilding is an interactive process that involves collaboration between peacebuilders and the victorious elites of a postwar society. While one of the most prominent assumptions of the peacebuilding literature asserts that the interests of domestic elites and peacebuilders coincide, Costly Democracy contends that they rarely align. It reveals that, while domestic elites in postwar societies may desire the resources that peacebuilders can bring, they are often less eager to adopt democracy, believing that democratic reforms may endanger their substantive interests. The book offers comparative analyses of recent cases of peacebuilding to deepen understanding of postwar democratization and better explain why peacebuilding missions often bring peace—but seldom democracy—to war-torn countries.

At the Threshold of Liberty

At the Threshold of Liberty Book
Author : Tamika Y. Nunley
Publisher : UNC Press Books
Release : 2021-01-29
ISBN : 146966223X
File Size : 32,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


At the Threshold of Liberty Book PDF/Epub Download

The capital city of a nation founded on the premise of liberty, nineteenth-century Washington, D.C., was both an entrepot of urban slavery and the target of abolitionist ferment. The growing slave trade and the enactment of Black codes placed the city's Black women within the rigid confines of a social hierarchy ordered by race and gender. At the Threshold of Liberty reveals how these women--enslaved, fugitive, and free--imagined new identities and lives beyond the oppressive restrictions intended to prevent them from ever experiencing liberty, self-respect, and power. Consulting newspapers, government documents, letters, abolitionist records, legislation, and memoirs, Tamika Y. Nunley traces how Black women navigated social and legal proscriptions to develop their own ideas about liberty as they escaped from slavery, initiated freedom suits, created entrepreneurial economies, pursued education, and participated in political work. In telling these stories, Nunley places Black women at the vanguard of the history of Washington, D.C., and the momentous transformations of nineteenth-century America.

The Threshold of Democracy

The Threshold of Democracy Book
Author : Josiah Ober,Naomi J. Norman,Mark C. Carnes
Publisher : UNC Press Books
Release : 2022-07-01
ISBN : 1469672340
File Size : 53,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


The Threshold of Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

The Threshold of Democracy re-creates the intellectual dynamics of one of the most formative periods in Western history. In the wake of Athenian military defeat and rebellion, advocates of democracy have reopened the Assembly, but stability remains elusive. As members of the Assembly, players must contend with divisive issues like citizenship, elections, remilitarization, and dissent. Foremost among the troublemakers: Socrates.

Opposing Democracy in the Digital Age

Opposing Democracy in the Digital Age Book
Author : Aim Sinpeng
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release : 2021-03-02
ISBN : 0472038486
File Size : 37,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Opposing Democracy in the Digital Age Book PDF/Epub Download

Opposing Democracy in the Digital Age is about why ordinary people in a democratizing state oppose democracy and how they leverage both traditional and social media to do so. Aim Sinpeng focuses on the people behind popular, large-scale antidemocratic movements that helped bring down democracy in 2006 and 2014 in Thailand. The yellow shirts (PAD—People’s Alliance for Democracy) that are the focus of the book are antidemocratic movements grown out of democratic periods in Thailand, but became the catalyst for the country’s democratic breakdown. Why, when, and how supporters of these movements mobilize offline and online to bring down democracy are some of the key questions that Sinpeng answers. While the book primarily uses a qualitative methodological approach, it also uses several quantitative tools to analyze social media data in the later chapters. This is one of few studies in the field of regime transition that focuses on antidemocratic mobilization and takes the role of social media seriously.

Kill Switch The Rise of the Modern Senate and the Crippling of American Democracy

Kill Switch  The Rise of the Modern Senate and the Crippling of American Democracy Book
Author : Adam Jentleson
Publisher : Liveright Publishing
Release : 2021-01-12
ISBN : 1631497782
File Size : 51,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Kill Switch The Rise of the Modern Senate and the Crippling of American Democracy Book PDF/Epub Download

With a new epilogue on filibuster battles under the Biden administration THE CASE FOR ENDING THE FILIBUSTER "A truly excellent book… blistering and persuasive.” —Ezra Klein, New York Times An insider’s account of how politicians representing a radical white minority of Americans have used “the world’s greatest deliberative body” to hijack our democracy. Our democracy is under assault from homegrown authoritarians, with most observers blaming Donald Trump and the Republican Party that submitted to him. Yet as Adam Jentleson shows, the problem not only goes back to the nineteenth century, but is less about the presidency than it is about our nation’s most venerated institution: the United States Senate. A revelatory history of minority rule in America as expressed through the Senate filibuster, Kill Switch shows that white conservatives have long relied on the filibuster—which is not featured in the Constitution, and which, as Jentleson demonstrates, the Framers would have opposed—to shut down attempts to create a multiracial democracy. Featuring a new epilogue on filibuster battles under the Biden administration, Kill Switch will remain an essential warning about the costs of empowering this nation’s right-wing minority. • “Jentleson understands the inner workings of the institution, down to the most granular details, showing precisely how arcane procedural rules can be leveraged to dramatic effect.” —Jennifer Szalai, New York Times • “Careful and thorough and exacting.” —Michael Tomasky, New York Review of Books • “[An] excellent, surprising new book.” —Benjamin Wallace-Wells, The New Yorker

Democracy and Education

Democracy and Education Book
Author : John Dewey
Publisher : Read Books Ltd
Release : 2013-05-31
ISBN : 1473382807
File Size : 51,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De


Democracy and Education Book PDF/Epub Download

This antiquarian volume contains a comprehensive treatise on democracy and education, being an introduction to the 'philosophy of education'. Written in clear, concise language and full of interesting expositions and thought-provoking assertions, this volume will appeal to those with an interest in the role of education in society, and it would make for a great addition to collections of allied literature. The chapters of this book include: 'Education as a Necessity of Life'; 'Education as a Social Function'; 'Education as Direction'; 'Education as Growth'; 'Preparation, Unfolding, and Formal Discipline'; 'Education as Conservative and Progressive'; 'The Democratic Conception in Education'; 'Aims in Education', etcetera. We are republishing this vintage book now complete with a new prefatory biography of the author.