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The Private Science of Louis Pasteur

The Private Science of Louis Pasteur Book
Author : Gerald L. Geison
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2014-07-14
ISBN : 1400864089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In The Private Science of Louis Pasteur, Gerald Geison has written a controversial biography that finally penetrates the secrecy that has surrounded much of this legendary scientist's laboratory work. Geison uses Pasteur's laboratory notebooks, made available only recently, and his published papers to present a rich and full account of some of the most famous episodes in the history of science and their darker sides--for example, Pasteur's rush to develop the rabies vaccine and the human risks his haste entailed. The discrepancies between the public record and the "private science" of Louis Pasteur tell us as much about the man as they do about the highly competitive and political world he learned to master. Although experimental ingenuity served Pasteur well, he also owed much of his success to the polemical virtuosity and political savvy that won him unprecedented financial support from the French state during the late nineteenth century. But a close look at his greatest achievements raises ethical issues. In the case of Pasteur's widely publicized anthrax vaccine, Geison reveals its initial defects and how Pasteur, in order to avoid embarrassment, secretly incorporated a rival colleague's findings to make his version of the vaccine work. Pasteur's premature decision to apply his rabies treatment to his first animal-bite victims raises even deeper questions and must be understood not only in terms of the ethics of human experimentation and scientific method, but also in light of Pasteur's shift from a biological theory of immunity to a chemical theory--similar to ones he had often disparaged when advanced by his competitors. Through his vivid reconstruction of the professional rivalries as well as the national adulation that surrounded Pasteur, Geison places him in his wider cultural context. In giving Pasteur the close scrutiny his fame and achievements deserve, Geison's book offers compelling reading for anyone interested in the social and ethical dimensions of science. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Private Science of Louis Pasteur

The Private Science of Louis Pasteur Book
Author : Gerald L. Geison
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016-04-03
ISBN : 9780691633978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In The Private Science of Louis Pasteur, Gerald Geison has written a controversial biography that finally penetrates the secrecy that has surrounded much of this legendary scientist's laboratory work. Geison uses Pasteur's laboratory notebooks, made available only recently, and his published papers to present a rich and full account of some of the most famous episodes in the history of science and their darker sides--for example, Pasteur's rush to develop the rabies vaccine and the human risks his haste entailed. The discrepancies between the public record and the "private science" of Louis Pasteur tell us as much about the man as they do about the highly competitive and political world he learned to master. Although experimental ingenuity served Pasteur well, he also owed much of his success to the polemical virtuosity and political savvy that won him unprecedented financial support from the French state during the late nineteenth century. But a close look at his greatest achievements raises ethical issues. In the case of Pasteur's widely publicized anthrax vaccine, Geison reveals its initial defects and how Pasteur, in order to avoid embarrassment, secretly incorporated a rival colleague's findings to make his version of the vaccine work. Pasteur's premature decision to apply his rabies treatment to his first animal-bite victims raises even deeper questions and must be understood not only in terms of the ethics of human experimentation and scientific method, but also in light of Pasteur's shift from a biological theory of immunity to a chemical theory--similar to ones he had often disparaged when advanced by his competitors. Through his vivid reconstruction of the professional rivalries as well as the national adulation that surrounded Pasteur, Geison places him in his wider cultural context. In giving Pasteur the close scrutiny his fame and achievements deserve, Geison's book offers compelling reading for anyone interested in the social and ethical dimensions of science. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Private Science of Louis Pasteur

The Private Science of Louis Pasteur Book
Author : Gerald L. Geison
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 9780691604978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In The Private Science of Louis Pasteur, Gerald Geison has written a controversial biography that finally penetrates the secrecy that has surrounded much of this legendary scientist's laboratory work. Geison uses Pasteur's laboratory notebooks, made available only recently, and his published papers to present a rich and full account of some of the most famous episodes in the history of science and their darker sides--for example, Pasteur's rush to develop the rabies vaccine and the human risks his haste entailed. The discrepancies between the public record and the "private science" of Louis Pasteur tell us as much about the man as they do about the highly competitive and political world he learned to master. Although experimental ingenuity served Pasteur well, he also owed much of his success to the polemical virtuosity and political savvy that won him unprecedented financial support from the French state during the late nineteenth century. But a close look at his greatest achievements raises ethical issues. In the case of Pasteur's widely publicized anthrax vaccine, Geison reveals its initial defects and how Pasteur, in order to avoid embarrassment, secretly incorporated a rival colleague's findings to make his version of the vaccine work. Pasteur's premature decision to apply his rabies treatment to his first animal-bite victims raises even deeper questions and must be understood not only in terms of the ethics of human experimentation and scientific method, but also in light of Pasteur's shift from a biological theory of immunity to a chemical theory--similar to ones he had often disparaged when advanced by his competitors. Through his vivid reconstruction of the professional rivalries as well as the national adulation that surrounded Pasteur, Geison places him in his wider cultural context. In giving Pasteur the close scrutiny his fame and achievements deserve, Geison's book offers compelling reading for anyone interested in the social and ethical dimensions of science. Originally published in 1995. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Pasteurization of France

The Pasteurization of France Book
Author : Bruno Latour
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 1993-10-15
ISBN : 9780674657618
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes Pasteur's roles in improving health practices in France and identifies the other forces that helped implement his ideas about health care.

The Story of the Pasteur Institute and Its Contributions to Global Health

The Story of the Pasteur Institute and Its Contributions to Global Health Book
Author : Marie-Hélène Marchand
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2019-01-15
ISBN : 1527525619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite the fame surrounding the name of Louis Pasteur, few people know what exactly occurs at the institute he founded in 1887. Scientific breakthroughs made by pioneers of microbiology, the emergence of molecular biology and genomics, and the identification of VIH–1 in 1983 have kept the Pasteur Institute at the forefront of the fight against infectious diseases. This prestigious private foundation has upheld the vision of its founder, creating a Pasteurian community worldwide, with 33 Pasteur Institutes on five continents, and supported by both famous and unknown donors throughout the world. This book presents the fascinating story of an institution which had enormous influence on both British and American science and medicine. It offers detailed and personal insights into the Pasteur Institute, where lively personalities and outsized passions give birth to excitement and the triumph of world-class research.

Science Fictions

Science Fictions Book
Author : John Crewdson
Publisher : Back Bay Books
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9780316090049
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist describes the competition between scientists--including Robert Gallo of the National Cancer Institute--over credit for the discovery of the HIV virus in a study that offers a revealing look at how big scientific and research laboratories really work. Reprint. 20,000 first printing.

The Life of Pasteur

The Life of Pasteur Book
Author : René Vallery-Radot
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1906
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Life of Pasteur book written by René Vallery-Radot, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pasteur s Quadrant

Pasteur s Quadrant Book
Author : Donald E. Stokes
Publisher : Brookings Institution Press
Release : 2011-03-01
ISBN : 9780815719076
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over fifty years ago, Vannevar Bush released his enormously influential report, Science, the Endless Frontier, which asserted a dichotomy between basic and applied science. This view was at the core of the compact between government and science that led to the golden age of scientific research after World War II—a compact that is currently under severe stress. In this book, Donald Stokes challenges Bush's view and maintains that we can only rebuild the relationship between government and the scientific community when we understand what is wrong with that view. Stokes begins with an analysis of the goals of understanding and use in scientific research. He recasts the widely accepted view of the tension between understanding and use, citing as a model case the fundamental yet use-inspired studies by which Louis Pasteur laid the foundations of microbiology a century ago. Pasteur worked in the era of the "second industrial revolution," when the relationship between basic science and technological change assumed its modern form. Over subsequent decades, technology has been increasingly science-based. But science has been increasingly technology-based--with the choice of problems and the conduct of research often inspired by societal needs. An example is the work of the quantum-effects physicists who are probing the phenomena revealed by the miniaturization of semiconductors from the time of the transistor's discovery after World War II. On this revised, interactive view of science and technology, Stokes builds a convincing case that by recognizing the importance of use-inspired basic research we can frame a new compact between science and government. His conclusions have major implications for both the scientific and policy communities and will be of great interest to those in the broader public who are troubled by the current role of basic science in American democracy.

Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur Book
Author : Patrice Debra(c)
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2000-11-27
ISBN : 9780801865299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A distinguished French immunologist and physician presents a singularly extensive, even-handed, in-depth study, first published in France in 1994, of Louis Pasteur's life, scientific struggles, and history-making achievements in chemistry and bacteriology. UP.

The Genesis of Germs

The Genesis of Germs Book
Author : Alan L. Gillen
Publisher : New Leaf Publishing Group
Release : 2007-01
ISBN : 0890514933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An in-depth look at microbes and diseases.

The Curse of Louis Pasteur

The Curse of Louis Pasteur Book
Author : Nancy Appleton
Publisher : Choice
Release : 1999-12-01
ISBN : 9780967233703
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Could it be that were looking in the wrong direction for the answer to the cause of disease? Dr Nancy Appleton's investigation lead her to realize that we could be causing our own disease by what we think, say, feel, do and eat. She then gives solutions and food plans to enhance health and healing

The Golem

The Golem Book
Author : Harry M. Collins,Trevor Pinch
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-03-29
ISBN : 110739449X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Harry Collins and Trevor Pinch liken science to the Golem, a creature from Jewish mythology, powerful yet potentially dangerous, a gentle, helpful creature that may yet run amok at any moment. Through a series of intriguing case studies the authors debunk the traditional view that science is the straightforward result of competent theorisation, observation and experimentation. The very well-received first edition generated much debate, reflected in a substantial new Afterword in this second edition, which seeks to place the book in what have become known as 'the science wars'.

The Blood and its Third Element

The Blood and its Third Element Book
Author : Antoine Bechamp
Publisher : A Distant Mirror
Release : 2002-09
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Blood and its Third Element is Béchamp’s explanation of his position, and his defense of it against Pasteur’s mischief. This final major work of Béchamp’s embodies the culmination of his life’s research. This book contains, in detail, the elements of the microzymian theory of the organization of living organisms and organic materials. It has immediate and far reaching relevance to the fields of immunology, bacteriology, and cellular biology; and it shows that more than 100 years ago, the germ, or microbian, theory of disease was demonstrated by Béchamp to be without foundation. There is no single cause of disease. The ancients thought this, and Béchamp proved it and was written out of history for his trouble. The relevance of his work to the dilemmas that plague modern medical science remains as yet unrealized. CONTENTS Publisher’s Preface Translator’s Preface Author’s Preface Introductory and Historical Chapter 1 — On the nature of fibrin isolated from the clot or obtained by whipping the blood. — The blood fibrin. — Fibrinous microzymas. — Fibrin and oxygenated water. — The ferment of fibrin. Chapter 2 — On the actual specific individuality of the albuminoid proximate principles. — The albuminoids. — Coagulation. — The albuminoids of the fibrin. — The albuminoids of the serum. — Haemoglobin. Haemoglobin and oxygenated water. Chapter 3 — The state of the fibrin in the blood at the moment of venesection. — The fibrin without microzymas. — The haematic microzymian molecular granulations. Chapter 4 — The real structure of the red blood globule. — The microzymas of the blood globules. — The blood globules in general. Chapter 5 — The real nature of the blood at the moment of bleeding. — The living parts of the blood protoplasm. — The unchangeable character of mixtures of proximate principles. — The vitellin microzymas and the blood globules. — The vascular system. Chapter 6 — The real chemical, anatomical and physiological meaning of the coagulation of the shed blood. — Coagulation of the blood. — The blood of the horse. — The serum of the blood. — Coagulation of blood diluted with water. — Second phase of the spontaneous alteration of the blood in calcined air. — Oxygen has no share in the destruction of the globules in the defibrinated blood. — Spontaneous alteration of flesh. Spontaneous alteration of milk. — Fermentation of the egg. — Spontaneous destruction of the cellule of yeast. — Spontaneous destruction of tissues. — Spontaneous alteration of the blood. Chapter 7 — The blood is a flowing tissue and therefore spontaneously alterable. — Pasteur and the germs of the air. — Robin and the alteration of the blood. — Microzymas and spores of schizomycetes. — Microzymas and micrococcus. — The microzymas and the circulatory system. — Comparison of the microzymas of the blood, the circulatory system, and other tissues. — Autonomy of the microzymas. Chapter 8 — The microzymas and bacteriology. — Ovular and vitellin microzymas. — Microzymas and molecular granulations. — Geological microzymas. — Biological characteristics of microzymas. — Microzymas and their perennity. — Microzymas and pathology. Phagocytosis. — Microzymas and anthrax. Microzymas and disease. — Microzymas and microbes. — Microzymas and the individual coefficient. — Microzymas, life and death. — Microzymas, blood and protoplasm. — Conclusions.

Bechamp Or Pasteur

Bechamp Or Pasteur  Book
Author : E. Douglas Hume
Publisher : Health Research Books
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780787311285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1932 a lost chapter in the history of biology. Contents: Antoine Bechamp; the Mystery of Fermentation; a Babel of Theories; Pasteur's Memoirs of 1857; Bechamp's Beacon Experiment; Claims & contradictions; the Soluble Ferment; Rival Theories & Wo.

The Knowledge Machine How Irrationality Created Modern Science

The Knowledge Machine  How Irrationality Created Modern Science Book
Author : Michael Strevens
Publisher : Liveright Publishing
Release : 2020-10-13
ISBN : 1631491385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“The Knowledge Machine is the most stunningly illuminating book of the last several decades regarding the all-important scientific enterprise.” —Rebecca Newberger Goldstein, author of Plato at the Googleplex A paradigm-shifting work, The Knowledge Machine revolutionizes our understanding of the origins and structure of science. • Why is science so powerful? • Why did it take so long—two thousand years after the invention of philosophy and mathematics—for the human race to start using science to learn the secrets of the universe? In a groundbreaking work that blends science, philosophy, and history, leading philosopher of science Michael Strevens answers these challenging questions, showing how science came about only once thinkers stumbled upon the astonishing idea that scientific breakthroughs could be accomplished by breaking the rules of logical argument. Like such classic works as Karl Popper’s The Logic of Scientific Discovery and Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, The Knowledge Machine grapples with the meaning and origins of science, using a plethora of vivid historical examples to demonstrate that scientists willfully ignore religion, theoretical beauty, and even philosophy to embrace a constricted code of argument whose very narrowness channels unprecedented energy into empirical observation and experimentation. Strevens calls this scientific code the iron rule of explanation, and reveals the way in which the rule, precisely because it is unreasonably close-minded, overcomes individual prejudices to lead humanity inexorably toward the secrets of nature. “With a mixture of philosophical and historical argument, and written in an engrossing style” (Alan Ryan), The Knowledge Machine provides captivating portraits of some of the greatest luminaries in science’s history, including Isaac Newton, the chief architect of modern science and its foundational theories of motion and gravitation; William Whewell, perhaps the greatest philosopher-scientist of the early nineteenth century; and Murray Gell-Mann, discoverer of the quark. Today, Strevens argues, in the face of threats from a changing climate and global pandemics, the idiosyncratic but highly effective scientific knowledge machine must be protected from politicians, commercial interests, and even scientists themselves who seek to open it up, to make it less narrow and more rational—and thus to undermine its devotedly empirical search for truth. Rich with illuminating and often delightfully quirky illustrations, The Knowledge Machine, written in a winningly accessible style that belies the import of its revisionist and groundbreaking concepts, radically reframes much of what we thought we knew about the origins of the modern world.

No Shadow of a Doubt

No Shadow of a Doubt Book
Author : Daniel Kennefick
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2021-03-09
ISBN : 0691217157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The extraordinary story of the scientific expeditions that ushered in the era of relativity In 1919, British scientists led expeditions to Brazil and Africa to test Albert Einstein’s new theory of general relativity in what became the century’s most celebrated scientific experiment. The result ushered in a new era and made Einstein a celebrity by confirming his prediction that the path of light rays would be bent by gravity. Yet the effort to “weigh light” during the May 29, 1919, solar eclipse has become clouded by myth and skepticism. Could Arthur Eddington and Frank Dyson have gotten the results they claimed? Did the pacifist Eddington falsify evidence to foster peace after a horrific war by validating the theory of a German antiwar campaigner? In No Shadow of a Doubt, Daniel Kennefick provides definitive answers by offering the most comprehensive and authoritative account of how expedition scientists overcame war, bad weather, and equipment problems to make the experiment a triumphant success.

The Natural History of Rabies

The Natural History of Rabies Book
Author : George M. Baer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351409786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides essential worldwide reference information regarding rabies for public health officials, veterinarians, physicians, virologists, epidemiologists, infectious disease specialists, laboratory diagnosticians, and wildlife biologists. The book is divided into six main sections, covering topics such as the rabies virus, including antigenic and biochemical characteristics; pathogenesis, including the immune response to the infection, pathology, and latency; diagnostic techniques; rabies epidemiology in a variety of wild and domestic animals; rabies control, including vaccination of wild and domestic animals, as well as control on the international level; and finally a discussion of rabies in humans, local wound and serum treatment, and human post-exposure vaccination. Natural History of Rabies, First Edition has been the principal worldwide reference since 1975. The new Second Edition has been completely updated, providing current information on this historically deadly disease.

Vaccines A Biography

Vaccines  A Biography Book
Author : Andrew W. Artenstein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-11
ISBN : 1441911081
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Why another book about vaccines? There are already a few extremely well-written medical textbooks that provide comprehensive, state-of-the-art technical reviews regarding vaccine science. Additionally, in the past decade alone, a number of engrossing, provocative books have been published on various related issues ra- ing from vaccines against specific diseases to vaccine safety and policy. Yet there remains a significant gap in the literature – the history of vaccines. Vaccines: A Biography seeks to fill a void in the extant literature by focusing on the history of vaccines and in so doing, recounts the social, cultural, and scientific history of vaccines; it places them within their natural, historical context. The book traces the lineage – the “biography” – of individual vaccines, originating with deeply rooted medical problems and evolving to an eventual conclusion. Nonetheless, these are not “biographies” in the traditional sense; they do not trace an individual’s growth and development. Instead, they follow an idea as it is conceived and dev- oped, through the contributions of many. These are epic stories of discovery, of risk-takers, of individuals advancing medical science, in the words of the famous physical scientist Isaac Newton, “by standing on the shoulders of giants. ” One grant reviewer described the book’s concept as “triumphalist”; although meant as an indictment, this is only partially inaccurate.

Plague and Cholera

Plague and Cholera Book
Author : Patrick Deville
Publisher : Little, Brown Book Group
Release : 2014-02-27
ISBN : 1405526807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Paris, May 1940. Nazi troops storm the city and at Le Bourget airport, on the last flight out, sits Dr Alexandre Yersin, his gaze politely turned away from his fellow passengers with their jewels sewn into their luggage. He is too old for the combat ahead, and besides he has already saved millions of lives. When he was the brilliant young protégé of Louis Pasteur, he focused his exceptional mind on a great medical conundrum: in 1894, on a Hong Kong hospital forecourt, he identified and vaccinated against bubonic plague, later named in his honour Yersinia pestis. Swiss by birth and trained in Germany and France, Yersin is the son of empiricism and endeavour; but he has a romantic hunger for adventure, fuelled by tales of Livingstone and Conrad, and sets sail for Asia. A true traveller of the century, he wishes to comprehend the universe. Medicine, agriculture, the engine of the new automobile, all must be opened up, examined and improved. Ceaselessly curious and courageous, Yersin stands, a lone genius,against a backdrop of world wars, pandemics, colonialism, progress and decadence. He is brought to vivid, thrilling life in Patrick Deville's captivating novel, which was a bestseller and shortlisted for every major literary award in France.

Stem Cells

Stem Cells Book
Author : Christine Mummery,Anja van de Stolpe,Bernard Roelen,Hans Clevers
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-05-23
ISBN : 0124115675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Stem Cells: Scientific Facts and Fiction provides the non-stem cell expert with an understandable review of the history, current state of affairs, and facts and fiction of the promises of stem cells. Building on success of its award-winning preceding edition, the second edition features new chapters on embryonic and iPS cells and stem cells in veterinary science and medicine. It contains major revisions on cancer stem cells to include new culture models, additional interviews with leaders in progenitor cells, engineered eye tissue, and xeno organs from stem cells, as well as new information on "organs on chips" and adult progenitor cells. In the past decades our understanding of stem cell biology has increased tremendously. Many types of stem cells have been discovered in tissues that everyone presumed were unable to regenerate in adults, the heart and the brain in particular. There is vast interest in stem cells from biologists and clinicians who see the potential for regenerative medicine and future treatments for chronic diseases like Parkinson's, diabetes, and spinal cord lesions, based on the use of stem cells; and from entrepreneurs in biotechnology who expect new commercial applications ranging from drug discovery to transplantation therapies. Explains in straightforward, non-specialist language the basic biology of stem cells and their applications in modern medicine and future therapy Includes extensive coverage of adult and embryonic stem cells both historically and in contemporary practice Richly illustrated to assist in understanding how research is done and the current hurdles to clinical practice