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Nutritional Epidemiology

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Nutritional Epidemiology

Nutritional Epidemiology Book
Author : Walter Willett
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0199754039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Willett's Nutritional Epidemiology has become the foundation of this field. This new edition updates existing chapters and adds new ones addressing the assessment of physical activity, the role of genetics in nutritional epidemiology, and the interface of this field with policy.

Population Based Nutrition Epidemiology

Population Based Nutrition Epidemiology Book
Author : Demosthenes Panagiotakos
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 9783036500195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutritional epidemiology examines dietary or nutritional factors in relation to the occurrence of disease in various populations. It is a fact that substantial progress has been made in recent years in nutritional epidemiology. Compared to the practice during the 1990s, and with the improvements in data analytics, several new approaches are gaining ground. Results from a variety of large-scale studies in the field of nutrition epidemiology have substantially contributed toward the evidence used in guiding dietary recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, metabolic disorders, some types of cancer, and other morbidities. In this Special Issue, we would like to bring readers closer to the state-of-the-art in the field by gathering papers covering different aspects of nutrition epidemiology from population-based observational studies. Topics of the submitted articles may, but not necessarily, include eating habits of various populations, especially of those not well-studied, such as in Africa, Oceania, South Americas, immigrants, minorities, as well as a variety of associations between nutrients/foods/food patterns and chronic diseases, like cardiovascular, diabetes, obesity, cancer, etc., and gene-nutrient and epigenome-nutrient interactions related to human health at all ages.

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology Book
Author : Barrie M. Margetts,Michael Nelson
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0192627392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In examining the relationship between nutritional exposure and disease etiology, the importance of a carefully considered experimental design cannot be overstated. A sound experimental design involves the formulation of a clear research hypothesis and the identification of appropriate measures of exposure and outcome. It is essential that these variables be measured with a minimum of error, while taking into account the effects of chance and bias, and being aware of the risk of confounding variables. The first edition of Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology presented a thorough guide to research techniques in nutritional epidemiology. Since the publication of the first edition, we now have a much better understanding of the characteristics of nutritional exposure that need to be measured in order to answer questions about diet-disease relationships. The Second edition has been extensively revised to include the most up-to-date methods of researching this relationship. Included are new chapters on qualitative and sociological measures, anthropometric measures, gene-nutrient interactions, and cross-sectional studies. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology will be an essential text for nutritionists and epidemiologists, helping them in their quest to improve the quality of information upon which important public health decisions are made.

Nutritional Epidemiology

Nutritional Epidemiology Book
Author : Walter Willett,Professor of Epidemiology and Nutrition Walter Willett
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Overview of Nutritional Epidemiology; Foods and Nutrients; Nature of Variation in Diet; Short Term Dietary Recall and Recording Methods; Food Frequency Methods; Reproducibility and Validity of Food Questionnaries; Recall of Remote Diet; Surrogate Sources of Dietary Information; Anthropometric Measures and Body Composition; Implications of Total Energy Intake for Epidemiologic Analyses; Correction for the Effects of Measurement Error; Vitamin A and Lung Cancer; Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer; Diet and Coronary Heart Disease; Future Research Directions.

Public Health Nutrition

Public Health Nutrition Book
Author : M. Margaret Barth, PhD, MPH,Ronny A. Bell, PhD,Karen Grimmer, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2020-06-15
ISBN : 0826146856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Public Health Nutrition is a comprehensive, practice-based textbook for graduate and upper undergraduate students and community nutrition and public health professionals. It provides readers with the principal understanding of how improving access to healthy foods at individual, local, regional and global levels as well as improving food security and sustainability can improve community health and combat noncommunicable diseases, infectious diseases, hunger and malnutrition, obesity, social injustice, and debilitating food environments. Across diverse communities, this book not only directs readers’ attention towards key public health nutrition-related challenges that affect rural and urban populations across the globe, it also adds critical thinking exercises, cases, and engaging discussion topics to advance application of evidence-based practice in the real world. Using an interprofessional approach and supported with evidence-based research in public health, nutritional science, and behavioral economics, this textbook covers how to plan health promotion programs and interventions in diverse communities, how to analyze and influence food policy, sustainability, and security initiatives, and how to address cultural competency, nutritional monitoring, professional development, and many other practice-based skills out in the field.. All chapters are complete with learning objectives, detailed case studies, discussion questions, learning activities for beyond the classroom, and a review of core topics covered. Essential for public health students studying nutrition, public policy, social work, and other health science-related areas, the book presents a strategic context to real-world initiatives while employing an interprofessional outlook to tackle public health nutrition issues. Key Features Addresses key public health nutrition-related challenges in working with rural, urban, global, and culturally and geographically diverse communities to improve outcomes Utilizes interprofessional and evidence-based approaches to food and water systems, food security, and food sovereignty Includes coverage of important trends, such as telehealth, mHealth, collaborative grantsmanship, and innovative communication strategies Highlights the aims of Healthy People 2030, Feed the Future, and Sustainability Development Goals Fosters skills and builds competencies related to community health needs assessment, problem-solving and critical thinking, systems thinking, evidence-based public health practice, and leadership Features case studies, suggested learning activities, reflection questions, an extensive glossary, and more in all chapters Includes a full range of instructor ancillaries including an Instructor's Manual, PowerPoints, Test Bank, Image Bank, and Syllabus Purchase includes access to the ebook for use on most mobile devices or computers

Community Nutrition

Community Nutrition Book
Author : Gail C. Frank
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Learning
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780763730628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This graduate-level community nutrition textbook presents a conceptual framework for understanding the course of health and disease and matching community nutrition or applied nutrition epidemiology to the model.

Modern Epidemiology

Modern Epidemiology Book
Author : Kenneth J. Rothman,Sander Greenland,Timothy L. Lash
Publisher : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9780781755641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thoroughly revised and updated Third Edition of the acclaimed Modern Epidemiology reflects both the conceptual development of this evolving science and the increasingly focal role that epidemiology plays in dealing with public health and medical problems. Coauthored by three leading epidemiologists, with sixteen additional contributors, this Third Edition is the most comprehensive and cohesive text on the principles and methods of epidemiologic research. The book covers a broad range of concepts and methods, such as basic measures of disease frequency and associations, study design, field methods, threats to validity, and assessing precision. It also covers advanced topics in data analysis such as Bayesian analysis, bias analysis, and hierarchical regression. Chapters examine specific areas of research such as disease surveillance, ecologic studies, social epidemiology, infectious disease epidemiology, genetic and molecular epidemiology, nutritional epidemiology, environmental epidemiology, reproductive epidemiology, and clinical epidemiology.

Nutritional Epidemiology

Nutritional Epidemiology Book
Author : Lillian Langseth
Publisher : International Life Sciences Inst
Release : 1996
ISBN : 9780944398876
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nutritional Epidemiology book written by Lillian Langseth, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Epidemiology Of Diet And Cancer

Epidemiology Of Diet And Cancer Book
Author : M.J. Hill,A. Giacosa,Christine P.J. Caygill
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1994-01-31
ISBN : 1134995857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume investigates the links between the incidence of diet-related cancers and dietary patterns within Europe. It presents current understanding of the major cancers thought to be caused by diet alongside detailed data on regional variations in dietary composition, and collates these sets of information to illustrate associations between food

Nutritional Epidemiology of Breast Cancer

Nutritional Epidemiology of Breast Cancer Book
Author : Alvaro Luis Ronco,Eduardo De Stéfani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-10-20
ISBN : 9789400723979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is the first one published exclusively on the field of nutritional epidemiology of breast cancer. It summarizes the currently existing knowledge, with an updated and comprehensive international bibliography (~ 1.000 references). The authors also performed a review on the epidemiological studies on nutrition and breast cancer carried out in Uruguay between 1994 and 2011, which allowed exploring and identifying the main risk and protective factors for the disease in this high-risk country. Epidemiologists, Nutritionists, Public Health managers and breast specialists –from the prevention to the treatment fields – will find in this book a unique source of technical information, which will contribute in expanding their knowledge and view of the disease.

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology

Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology Book
Author : Barrie M. Margetts,Michael Nelson
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 1997-04-24
ISBN : 0191029424
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In examining the relationship between nutritional exposure and disease aetiology, the importance of a carefully considered experimental design cannot be overstated. A sound experimental design involves the formulation of a clear research hypothesis and the identification of appropriate measures of exposure and outcome. It is essential that these variables can be measured with a minimum of error, whilst taking into account the effects of chance and bias, and being aware of the risk of confounding variables. The first edition of Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology presented a throrough guide to research methods in nutritional epidemiology. Since publication of the 1st edition, we now have a much better understanding of the characteristics of nutritional exposure that need to be measured in order to answer questions about diet-disease relationships. The 2nd edition has been extensively revised to include the most up-to-date methods of researching this relationship. Included are new chapters on qualitative and sociological measures, anthropometric measures, gene-nutrient interactions, and cross-sectional studies. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology will be an essential text for nutritionists and epidemiologists, helping them in their quest to improve the quality of information upon which important public health decisions are made.

Nutrition and HIV

Nutrition and HIV Book
Author : Saurabh Mehta,Julia Finkelstein
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-05-15
ISBN : 1351058177
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The world continues to lose more than a million lives each year to the HIV epidemic, and nearly two million individuals were infected with HIV in 2017 alone. The new Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by countries of the United Nations in September 2015, include a commitment to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. Considerable emphasis on prevention of new infections and treatment of those living with HIV will be needed to make this goal achievable. With nearly 37 million people now living with HIV, it is a communicable disease that behaves like a noncommunicable disease. Nutritional management is integral to comprehensive HIV care and treatment. Improved nutritional status and weight gain can increase recovery and strength of individuals living with HIV/AIDS, improve dietary diversity and caloric intake, and improve quality of life. This book highlights evidence-based research linking nutrition and HIV and identifies research gaps to inform the development of guidelines and policies for the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. A comprehensive approach that includes nutritional interventions is likely to maximize the benefit of antiretroviral therapy in preventing HIV disease progression and other adverse outcomes in HIV-infected men and women. Modification of nutritional status has been shown to enhance the quality of life of those suffering HIV/AIDS, both physically in terms of improved body mass index and immunological markers, and psychologically, by improving symptoms of depression. While the primary focus for those infected should remain on antiretroviral treatment and increasing its availability and coverage, improvement of nutritional status plays a complementary role in the management of HIV infection.

Nutrition at a Glance

Nutrition at a Glance Book
Author : Tony Sheehy,Fariba Kolahdooz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-09-14
ISBN : 1118661001
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nutrition at a Glance introduces key nutrition facts, such as the role of key nutrients in maintaining health, and addresses the concepts of nutrient metabolism, nutritional intake and what makes an adequate diet. It covers food safety, allergy and intolerance, GM foods, diet-related diseases and nutrigenomics. Nutrition at a Glance: • Is superbly illustrated, with full colour illustrations throughout • Includes nutrition ‘hot topics’ such as gene-nutrient interactions and dietary supplements • Has strong international appeal, with different dietary requirements provided for many countries • Is a reference text suitable for post-docs and junior scientists, including those working in public health and dietetics • Includes a companion website at www.ataglanceseries.com/nutrition featuring interactive multiple choice questions, abbreviations, a glossary, references and further reading, and Appendix B 1: Global dietary guidelines and Dietary Reference Intakes

Nutritional Epidemiology

Nutritional Epidemiology Book
Author : Walter Willett
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1998-06-11
ISBN : 0195122976
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The complex relationships between diet and the major diseases of western civilization are the subject of this volume. It is aimed both at researchers and general readers of the often confusing scholarly literature on the subject.

Obesity Epidemiology

Obesity Epidemiology Book
Author : Frank Hu
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2008-03-21
ISBN : 9780199718474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past twenty years there has been a dramatic increase in obesity in the United States. An estimated thirty percent of adults in the US are obese; in 1980, only fifteen percent were. The issue is gaining greater attention with the CDC and with the public health world in general. This book will offer practical information about the methodology of epidemiologic studies of obesity, suitable for graduate students and researchers in epidemiology, and public health practitioners with an interest in the issue. The book will be structured in four main sections, with the majority of chapters authored by Dr. Hu, and some authored by specialists in specific areas. The first section will consider issues surrounding the definition of obesity, measurement techniques, and the designs of epidemiologic studies. The second section will address the consequences of obesity, looking at epidemiologic studies that focus on cardio-vascular disease, diabetes, and cancer The third section will look at determinants obesity, reviewing a wide range of risk factors for obesity including diet, physical activity and sedentary behaviors, sleep disorders, psychosocial factors, physical environment, biochemical and genetic predictors, and intrauterine exposures. In the final section, the author will discuss the analytical issues and challenges for epidemiologic studies of obesity.

Epidemiology of Communicable and Non Communicable Diseases

Epidemiology of Communicable and Non Communicable Diseases Book
Author : Fyson Kasenga
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-11-09
ISBN : 9535127403
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human sufferings, including deaths, can be reduced or avoided by applying routine principles of hygiene in individuals' lives. Some hygiene routines are purely simple remedies, which are inexpensive, affordable, acceptable and easily accessible. It is evident that change is first enacted from within the mindset of an individual, then transmitted to families, groups and communities, and eventually the mindset of a nation can change creating an environment which is better for everybody to live in. This book contains chapters discussing conditions or diseases that may not be common in the readers' area. Caution as such may never be underestimated considering the fact that we are living in a global village where one can never say 'this does not occur in my area' but rather question, does this occur in my community, why does it occur, who is affected, where and when does it occur and what can be done about it? These questions constitute what epidemiology is all about, and their precise and comprehensive answers can transform lives and help us have the right perceptions for the health challenges we face and accept the possibility of dealing with them directly.

Microbiome Immunity Digestive Health and Nutrition

Microbiome  Immunity  Digestive Health and Nutrition Book
Author : Debasis Bagchi,Bernard W. Downs
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-29
ISBN : 0128222395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Microbiome, Immunity, Digestive Health and Nutrition: Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, Prevention and Treatment addresses a wide range of topics related to the role of nutrition in achieving and maintaining a healthy gut microbiome. Written by leading experts in the field, the book outlines the various foods, minerals, vitamins, dietary fibers, prebiotics, probiotics, nutritional supplements, phytochemicals and drugs that improve gut health. It specifically addresses molecular and cellular mechanisms and pathways by which these nutritional components contribute to the physiology and functionality of a healthy gut microbiome and gut health. Intended for nutrition researchers and practitioners, food experts, gastroenterologists, nurses, general practitioners, public health officials and health professionals, this book is sure to be a welcomed resource. Outlines the nutritional guidelines and healthy lifestyle that is important to boost gut health Demonstrates the effects of diverse environmental stressors in the disruption of the gastrointestinal ecology Discusses the molecular and immunological mechanisms associated with healthy gut microbiome functions Addresses how to boost healthy gut microflora and microbiome Suggests areas for future research of microbiome-based nutrition and therapies

Nutritional Health

Nutritional Health Book
Author : Norman J. Temple,Ted Wilson,David R. Jacobs, Jr.
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-07-27
ISBN : 1617798940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now going into its third much-expanded edition, the highly praised Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention has been brought fully up to date to include all the new thinking and discoveries that have the greatest capacity to improve human health and nutritional advancement. About half the new edition will be revised and updated from the second edition while the other half will consist of major revisions of previous chapters or new subjects. Like the two previous editions the book will consist of general reviews on various topics in nutrition, especially those of much current interest. The authors provide extensive, in-depth chapters covering the most important aspects of the complex interactions between diet, its nutrient components, and their impacts on disease states, and on those health conditions that increase the risk of chronic dieases. Up to date and comprehensive, Nutritional Health: Strategies for Disease Prevention, Third Edition offers physicians, dietitians, and nutritionists a practical, data-driven, integrated resource to help evaluate the critical role of nutrition.

The Epidemiology of Aging

The Epidemiology of Aging Book
Author : Anne Newman,Jane A. Cauley
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-12
ISBN : 9400750617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The average age of the world’s population is increasing at an unprecedented rate and this increase is changing the world. This “Silver tsunami” emphasizes the need to provide advanced training in epidemiology and increase the cadre of experts in the study of aging. This book is designed to summarize unique methodological issues relevant to the study of aging, biomarkers of aging and the biology/physiology of aging and in-depth discussions of the etiology and epidemiology of common geriatric syndromes and diseases. Contributing authors in the book represent many disciplines, not only epidemiology and clinical geriatrics, but also demography, health services, research, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, psychiatry, neurology, social services, musculoskeletal diseases and cancer. The aim of the book is to provide a broad multidisciplinary background for any student/researcher interested in aging. The material in the book is organized and comprehensive. It represents the most up-to-date information on the scientific issues in aging research written by academics who specialize in research and training in the broad field of aging. The structure and organization of the book reflects our course series in the Epidemiology of Aging starting with the broad issues of demography and methodology, and then addressing specific health conditions and geriatric conditions common to older persons.

Barasi s Human Nutrition

Barasi s Human Nutrition Book
Author : Michael EJ Lean,Emilie Combet
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-10-14
ISBN : 1498776396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Barasi's Human Nutrition: A Health Perspective, Third Edition, provides a comprehensive introduction to the principles and practice of nutrition. Thoroughly revised, restructured, and updated, this new edition presents up-to-date scientific information in an accessible and reader-friendly format, emphasising how important nutrition is for evidence across the full translational health spectrum, from epidemiology and basic sciences through clinical and public heath applications, and ultimately into sustainable public policy. This third edition places more emphasis on applied nutrition than previous editions. Specifically, sections relating to clinical nutrition, public health nutrition, and improving foods for better health are now separate chapters with new chapters on sport nutrition, obesity, and weight management, and each section has a dedicated table of contents to better highlight the subject covered. The book also focuses on nutritional issues related to globally important, potentially preventable, major diseases, such as coronary heart disease, cancer, and diabetes, and discusses methods for studying nutrition and relevant essential dietary principles for intervention. This textbook is written from the perspective of experienced teachers at the undergraduate and graduate levels and is an invaluable resource for students in health and nutrition and for those pursuing further qualifications in food science. While containing substantial detail on some interesting topics, this book is written in an ‘easy-read’ style, which makes potentially complicated subjects accessible to general readers as well as to the more specialised user. It provides both an entry-level introduction to human nutrition for introductory or intermediate undergraduate students and also sufficient comprehensive detail to serve as a reference book for Masters or PhD students.