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How Languages Are Learned 5th Edition

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How Languages Are Learned 5th Edition

How Languages Are Learned 5th Edition Book
Author : Patsy M Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2021-07-05
ISBN : 019440630X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Now in its fifth edition, the award-winning How Languages are Learned has established itself as an indispensable introduction to research in language acquisition and its relationship with classroom practice. Patsy Lightbown and Nina Spada have worked for over four decades in second language research and education. They are highly respected worldwide for making theory and research about language learning accessible and relevant to classroom teaching. This widely acclaimed book remains essential reading for second language teachers. • Updated content highlights the latest research into second language learning and its relevance to classroom practice • Activities and questions for reflection personalize content and support critical thinking • Chapter summaries, discussion questions, weblinks and supplementary activities are available online at www.oup.com/elt/teacher/hlal

From Experience to Knowledge in ELT Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers

From Experience to Knowledge in ELT   Oxford Handbooks for Language Teachers Book
Author : Julian Edge,Sue Garton
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-10
ISBN : 0194342727
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strategies and ideas to help you develop your personal teaching style. A guide to help teachers of English to develop teaching skills through drawing on practical classroom experience.

How Languages are Learned

How Languages are Learned Book
Author : Patsy M. Lightbown,Nina Spada
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2006-04-27
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

'How Languages Are Learned' provides a readable introduction to the main theories of first and second language acquisition, relating them to approaches to classroom methodology and practice.

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching Book
Author : Vivian Cook
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-05-05
ISBN : 1134683227
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching provides an introduction to the application of second language acquisition research to language teaching. Assuming no previous background in second language acquisition or language teaching methods, this text starts by introducing readers to the basic issues of second language acquisition research. It then examines how people learn particular aspects of the second language, such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation and the writing system, and at the strategies they adopt in their learning and the differences between individuals. Final chapters look at second language learning in a broader context – the goals of language teaching and how teaching methods relate to SLA research. This newly updated fifth edition builds on the comprehensive scope of earlier editions while also addressing more recent developments in the field, particularly multilingual approaches to language teaching.

Understanding Second Language Acquisition

Understanding Second Language Acquisition Book
Author : Lourdes Ortega
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-02-04
ISBN : 144411705X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Whether we grow up with one, two, or several languages during our early years of life, many of us will learn a second, foreign, or heritage language in later years. The field of Second language acquisition (SLA, for short) investigates the human capacity to learn additional languages in late childhood, adolescence, or adulthood, after the first language --in the case of monolinguals-- or languages --in the case of bilinguals-- have already been acquired. Understanding Second Language Acquisition offers a wide-encompassing survey of this burgeoning field, its accumulated findings and proposed theories, its developed research paradigms, and its pending questions for the future. The book zooms in and out of universal, individual, and social forces, in each case evaluating the research findings that have been generated across diverse naturalistic and formal contexts for second language acquisition. It assumes no background in SLA and provides helpful chapter-by-chapter summaries and suggestions for further reading. Ideal as a textbook for students of applied linguistics, foreign language education, TESOL, and education, it is also recommended for students of linguistics, developmental psycholinguistics, psychology, and cognitive science. Supporting resources for tutors are available free at www.routledge.com/ortega.

Language and Learning in Multilingual Classrooms

Language and Learning in Multilingual Classrooms Book
Author : Elizabeth Coelho
Publisher : Multilingual Matters
Release : 2012-06-25
ISBN : 1847697208
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers practical research-based advice for teachers and other educators on how to adapt school and classroom procedures, curriculum content, and instructional strategies in order to provide a supportive learning environment for students of minority language backgrounds who are learning the language of instruction at the same time as they are learning the curriculum.

Second Language Learning Theories

Second Language Learning Theories Book
Author : Rosamond Mitchell,Florence Myles,Emma Marsden
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-08-21
ISBN : 1444163116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Second Language Learning Theories is a clear and concise overview of the field of second language acquisition (SLA) theories. Written by a team of leading academics working in different SLA specialisms, this book provides expert analysis of the main theories from multiple perspectives to offer a broad and balanced introduction to the topic. The book covers all the main theoretical perspectives currently active in the SLA field and sets them in a broader perspective per chapter, e.g. linguistic, cognitive or sociolinguistic. Each chapter examines how various theories view language, the learner, and the acquisition process. Summaries of key studies and examples of data relating to a variety of languages illustrate the different theoretical perspectives. Each chapter concludes with an evaluative summary of the theories discussed. This third edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the very latest research in the field of SLA. Key features include: a fully re-worked chapter on cognitive models of language and language learning a new chapter on information processing, including the roles of different types of memory and knowledge in language learning the addition of a glossary of key linguistic terms to help the non-specialist a new timeline of second language learning theory development This third edition takes account of the significant developments that have taken place in the field in recent years. Highly active domains in which theoretical and methodological advances have been made are treated in more depth to ensure that this new edition of Second Language Learning Theories remains as fresh and relevant as ever.

Advocating for English Learners

Advocating for English Learners Book
Author : James Crawford
Publisher : Multilingual Matters
Release : 2008
ISBN : 1847690726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A collection of 18 essays addressing the policy and politics of educating English language learners. Subjects include demographic change and its educational implications, American responses to language diversity, public controversies over bilingual education, high-stakes testing and its impact on English language learners, and the precarious status of language rights in the USA.

How Vocabulary is Learned

How Vocabulary is Learned Book
Author : Stuart Webb,Paul Nation
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-06-06
ISBN : 019440353X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guide to vocabulary acquisition is essential reading for teachers of English as a second or foreign language. It presents the major ideas and principles that relate to the teaching and learning of vocabulary and evaluates a wide range of practical activities designed to help boost students’ vocabulary acquisition. Key questions which are answered include: • How many words should students learn at a time, and how often? • How much classroom time should be spent teaching vocabulary? • What is the best way to group vocabulary for learning? • Is it useful to provide students with the L1 translations of unknown words? • Why do some students make greater progress than others? stuart webb is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. paul nation is Emeritus Professor in Applied Linguistics at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. Teachers will find answers to many of their perennial questions about vocabulary learning—as well as some they had not yet thought to ask! There is research evidence to support established practices, but also new evidence that challenges old ideas. patsy lightbown (co-author of How Languages are Learned, with Nina Spada)

Second Language Acquisition Myths

Second Language Acquisition Myths Book
Author : Steven Brown,Jenifer Larson-Hall
Publisher : University of Michigan Press ELT
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0472034987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Children learn languages quickly and easily while adults are ineffective in comparison -- A true bilingual is someone who speaks two languages perfectly -- You can acquire a language simply through listening or reading -- Practice makes perfect -- Language students learn (and retain) what they are taught -- Language learners always benefit from correction -- Individual differences are a major, perhaps the major, factor in SLA -- Language acquisition is the individual acquisition of grammar.

                                     Book
Author : H. Douglas Brown,Yian (吴一安)·Wu
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9787560025391
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

责任者译名:布朗。

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics Book
Author : Janet Holmes,Nick Wilson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2022-02-27
ISBN : 1000533999
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sociolinguistics is the study of the interaction between language and society. In this classic introductory work, Janet Holmes and Nick Wilson examine the role of language in a variety of social contexts, considering both how language works and how it can be used to signal and interpret various aspects of social identity. Divided into three parts, this book explains basic sociolinguistic concepts in the light of classic approaches, as well as introducing more recent research. This sixth edition has been revised and updated throughout, using key concepts and examples to guide the reader through this fascinating area, including: • New material on gender, social media and online use of language, codeswitching, and language policy • An updated companion website that is fully cross- referenced within this book and features video and audio materials and links to useful websites • Revised examples and exercises that include new material from Asia and South America • Fully updated further reading and references sections An Introduction to Sociolinguistics is an essential introductory text for all students of sociolinguistics and a splendid point of reference for students of English language studies, linguistics, and applied linguistics.

Fluent Forever

Fluent Forever Book
Author : Gabriel Wyner
Publisher : Harmony
Release : 2014-08-05
ISBN : 038534810X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

NATIONAL BESTSELLER • For anyone who wants to learn a foreign language, this is the method that will finally make the words stick. “A brilliant and thoroughly modern guide to learning new languages.”—Gary Marcus, cognitive psychologist and author of the New York Times bestseller Guitar Zero At thirty years old, Gabriel Wyner speaks six languages fluently. He didn’t learn them in school—who does? Rather, he learned them in the past few years, working on his own and practicing on the subway, using simple techniques and free online resources—and here he wants to show others what he’s discovered. Starting with pronunciation, you’ll learn how to rewire your ears and turn foreign sounds into familiar sounds. You’ll retrain your tongue to produce those sounds accurately, using tricks from opera singers and actors. Next, you’ll begin to tackle words, and connect sounds and spellings to imagery rather than translations, which will enable you to think in a foreign language. And with the help of sophisticated spaced-repetition techniques, you’ll be able to memorize hundreds of words a month in minutes every day. This is brain hacking at its most exciting, taking what we know about neuroscience and linguistics and using it to create the most efficient and enjoyable way to learn a foreign language in the spare minutes of your day.

Exploring Psychology in Language Learning and Teaching

Exploring Psychology in Language Learning and Teaching Book
Author : Marion Williams,Sarah Mercer,Stephen Ryan
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-06-28
ISBN : 0194423964
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores key areas of educational and social psychology and considers their relevance to language learning and teaching, using activities and questions for reflection. The topics discussed in the book include: • learners’ and teachers’ beliefs about how a language should be learned and taught • learning and working in groups • relationships with others • the role of the self in teaching and learning • motivation to start and persist with tasks • the role of emotions in learning. The authors provide useful insights for the understanding of language learning and discuss the important implications for language teaching pedagogy. Extra resources are available on the website: www.oup.com/elt/teacher/exploringpsychology Marion Williams was formerly Reader in Applied Linguistics at the University of Exeter and is a past president of IATEFL. Sarah Mercer is Professor of Foreign Language Teaching at the University of Graz, Austria. Stephen Ryan is Professor in the School of Economics at Senshu University, Tokyo.

Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics

Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics Book
Author : Jack C. Richards,Richard W. Schmidt
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-04
ISBN : 1317863054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This best-selling dictionary is now in its 4th edition. Specifically written for students of language teaching and applied linguistics, it has become an indispensible resource for those engaged in courses in TEFL, TESOL, applied linguistics and introductory courses in general linguistics. Fully revised, this new edition includes over 350 new entries. Previous definitions have been revised or replaced in order to make this the most up-to-date and comprehensive dictionary available. Providing straightforward and accessible explanations of difficult terms and ideas in applied linguistics, this dictionary offers: Nearly 3000 detailed entries, from subject areas such as teaching methodology, curriculum development, sociolinguistics, syntax and phonetics. Clear and accurate definitions which assume no prior knowledge of the subject matter helpful diagrams and tables cross references throughout, linking related subject areas for ease of reference, and helping to broaden students' knowledge The Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics is the definitive resource for students.

Teaching by Principles

Teaching by Principles Book
Author : H. Douglas Brown
Publisher : Regents/Prentice Hall
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ESL/EFL teachers and trainees will welcome this methodology text, which considers all practical classroom techniques and activities in terms of solid foundation stones of research on second language acquisition. -- Readers develop an overall approach to language teaching from which their classroom practices can emerge. -- The text has user-friendly, readable prose, interactive end-of-chapter exercises for discussion and action, and end-of-chapter recommendations for further reading.

Teaching Language Online

Teaching Language Online Book
Author : Victoria Russell,Kathryn Murphy-Judy
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-08-24
ISBN : 0429761104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Practical and accessible, this book comprehensively covers everything you need to know to design, develop, and deliver successful online, blended, and flipped language courses. Grounded in the principles of instructional design and communicative language teaching, this book serves as a compendium of best practices, research, and strategies for creating learner-centered online language instruction that builds students’ proficiency within meaningful cultural contexts. This book addresses important topics such as finding and optimizing online resources and materials, learner engagement, teacher and student satisfaction and connectedness, professional development, and online language assessment. Teaching Language Online features: A step-by-step guide aligned with the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) for Languages: Learning, Teaching and Assessment, and the World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment (WIDA) standards Research-based best practices and tools to implement effective communicative language teaching (CLT) online Strategies and practices that apply equally to world languages and ESL/EFL contexts Key takeaway summaries, discussion questions, and suggestions for further reading in every chapter Free, downloadable eResources with further readings and more materials available at www.routledge.com/ 9781138387003 As the demand for language courses in online or blended formats grows, K-16 instructors urgently need resources to effectively transition their teaching online. Designed to help world language instructors, professors, and K-12 language educators regardless of their level of experience with online learning, this book walks through the steps to move from the traditional classroom format to effective, successful online teaching environments.

The Fifth Discipline

The Fifth Discipline Book
Author : Peter M. Senge
Publisher : Currency
Release : 2010-03-31
ISBN : 0307477649
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

MORE THAN ONE MILLION COPIES IN PRINT • “One of the seminal management books of the past seventy-five years.”—Harvard Business Review This revised edition of the bestselling classic is based on fifteen years of experience in putting Peter Senge’s ideas into practice. As Senge makes clear, in the long run the only sustainable competitive advantage is your organization’s ability to learn faster than the competition. The leadership stories demonstrate the many ways that the core ideas of the Fifth Discipline, many of which seemed radical when first published, have become deeply integrated into people’s ways of seeing the world and their managerial practices. Senge describes how companies can rid themselves of the learning blocks that threaten their productivity and success by adopting the strategies of learning organizations, in which new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, collective aspiration is set free, and people are continually learning how to create the results they truly desire. Mastering the disciplines Senge outlines in the book will: • Reignite the spark of genuine learning driven by people focused on what truly matters to them • Bridge teamwork into macrocreativity • Free you of confining assumptions and mindsets • Teach you to see the forest and the trees • End the struggle between work and personal time This updated edition contains more than one hundred pages of new material based on interviews with dozens of practitioners at companies such as BP, Unilever, Intel, Ford, HP, and Saudi Aramco and organizations such as Roca, Oxfam, and The World Bank.

Introducing Second Language Acquisition

Introducing Second Language Acquisition Book
Author : Muriel Saville-Troike
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-04-05
ISBN : 1107010896
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear and practical introduction to second language acquisition, written for students encountering the topic for the first time.

Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition Book
Author : Susan M. Gass,Larry Selinker
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780805835281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a thorough revision of the highly successful text first published in 1994. The authors retain the multidisciplinary approach that presents research from linguistics, sociology, psychology, and education, in a format designed for use in an introductory course for undergraduate or graduate students. The research is updated throughout and there are new sections and chapters in this second edition as well. New chapters cover child language acquisition (first and second), Universal Grammar, and instructed language learning; new sections address issues, such as what data analysis doesn't show, replication of research findings, interlanguage transfer (multilingual acquisition and transfer), the aspect hypothesis, general nativism, connectionist approaches, and implicit/explicit knowledge. Major updates include nonlanguage influences and the lexicon. The workbook, Second Language Learning Data Analysis, Second Edition, makes an ideal accompaniment to the text.