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Cognition

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Cognition And The Book

Cognition And The Book Book
Author : Karl A. E. Enenkel,Wolfgang Neubner
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9004124500
File Size : 27,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

The printed book caused an explosion of knowledge and major changes in the perception of texts. In investigating how knowledge was presented to the early modern reader, this volume treats both book-historical issues and the intersections of layout with issues of genre, content and function.

Cognition in the Wild

Cognition in the Wild Book
Author : Edwin Hutchins
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1996-08-26
ISBN : 0262581469
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Edwin Hutchins combines his background as an anthropologist and an open ocean racing sailor and navigator in this account of how anthropological methods can be combined with cognitive theory to produce a new reading of cognitive science. His theoretical insights are grounded in an extended analysis of ship navigation—its computational basis, its historical roots, its social organization, and the details of its implementation in actual practice aboard large ships. The result is an unusual interdisciplinary approach to cognition in culturally constituted activities outside the laboratory—"in the wild." Hutchins examines a set of phenomena that have fallen in the cracks between the established disciplines of psychology and anthropology, bringing to light a new set of relationships between culture and cognition. The standard view is that culture affects the cognition of individuals. Hutchins argues instead that cultural activity systems have cognitive properties of their own that are different from the cognitive properties of the individuals who participate in them. Each action for bringing a large naval vessel into port, for example, is informed by culture: the navigation team can be seen as a cognitive and computational system. Introducing Navy life and work on the bridge, Hutchins makes a clear distinction between the cognitive properties of an individual and the cognitive properties of a system. In striking contrast to the usual laboratory tasks of research in cognitive science, he applies the principal metaphor of cognitive science—cognition as computation (adopting David Marr's paradigm)—to the navigation task. After comparing modern Western navigation with the method practiced in Micronesia, Hutchins explores the computational and cognitive properties of systems that are larger than an individual. He then turns to an analysis of learning or change in the organization of cognitive systems at several scales. Hutchins's conclusion illustrates the costs of ignoring the cultural nature of cognition, pointing to the ways in which contemporary cognitive science can be transformed by new meanings and interpretations. A Bradford Book

Emotion and Cognition

Emotion and Cognition Book
Author : Patrick Lemaire
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-12-29
ISBN : 100052101X
File Size : 41,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

This cutting-edge, yet accessible book provides a complete and integrated assessment of the role of emotions in a wide variety of cognitive functions. Including both empirical and theoretical works and debates, this book presents the results of research aimed at understanding how our emotions influence cognitive performance in diverse areas such as attention, memory, judgment, decision-making or reasoning, and emotional regulation. Drawing on years of research that has enabled psychologists to know when emotions have beneficial versus deleterious effects on cognition, the book explores the mechanisms responsible for these effects. Each chapter focuses on a specific cognitive function and is mirrored by a chapter examining the individual differences in the role of emotions on this aspect of cognition, and how this role changes during aging and in patients with mood disorders. Emotions play a central role in the life of every human being as they crucially guide our actions, thoughts, and relationships, helping us detect and identify what is important, as well as what to memorize, understand, and decide. As such, Emotion and Cognition is a valuable source for all undergraduate and graduate students in the disciplines of cognitive and affective sciences, as well as for experts in the field.

Cognition

Cognition Book
Author : Daniel Reisberg
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-02-02
ISBN : 9780393877588
File Size : 55,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

With new digital tools for retrieval practice and active learning, the Eighth Edition is more effective and engaging than ever. Four exciting features deliver a dynamic, interactive introduction to cognitive psychology today: NewInQuizitivescience-based adaptive assessment A pedagogical program based on the "testing effect" New ZAPS 3.0 Interactive Labs Author-created Norton Teaching Tools andanewonline Applying Cognitive Psychology reader

Creative Cognition

Creative Cognition Book
Author : Ronald A. Finke,Thomas B. Ward,Steven M. Smith
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1996-01-05
ISBN : 0262560968
File Size : 55,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

Creative Cognition combines original experiments with existing work in cognitive psychology to provide the first explicit account of the cognitive processes and structures that contribute to creative thinking and discovery. Creative Cognition combines original experiments with existing work in cognitive psychology to provide the first explicit account of the cognitive processes and structures that contribute to creative thinking and discovery. In separate chapters, the authors take up visualization, concept formation, categorization, memory retrieval, and problem solving. They describe novel experimental methods for studying creative cognitive processes under controlled laboratory conditions, along with techniques that can be used to generate many different types of inventions and concepts. Unlike traditional approaches, Creative Cognition considers creativity as a product of numerous cognitive processes, each of which helps to set the stage for insight and discovery. It identifies many of these processes as well as general principles of creative cognition that can be applied across a variety of different domains, with examples in artificial intelligence, engineering design, product development, architecture, education, and the visual arts. Following a summary of previous approaches to creativity, the authors present a theoretical model of the creative process. They review research involving an innovative imagery recombination technique, developed by Finke, that clearly demonstrates that creative inventions can be induced in the laboratory. They then describe experiments in category learning that support the provocative claim that the factors constraining category formation similarly constrain imagination and illustrate the role of various memory processes and other strategies in creative problem solving.

A Life in Cognition

A Life in Cognition Book
Author : Judit Gervain,Gergely Csibra,Kristóf Kovács
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 303066175X
File Size : 52,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

This edited book offers a broad selection of interdisciplinary studies within cognitive science. The book illustrates and documents how cognitive science offers a unifying framework for the interaction of fields of study focusing on the human mind from linguistics and philosophy to psychology and the history of science. A selection of renowned contributors provides authoritative historical, theoretical and empirical perspectives on more than six decades of research with a special focus on the progress of cognitive science in Central Europe. Readers encounter a bird's eye view of geographical and linguistic diversity brought about by the cognitive revolution, as it is reflected in the writings of leading authors, many of whom are former students and collaborators of Csaba Pléh, a key figure of the cognitive turn in Central Europe, to whom this book is dedicated. The book appeals to students and researchers looking for the ways various approaches to the mind and the brain intersect.

The Nature of Cognition

The Nature of Cognition Book
Author : Robert J. Sternberg,IBM Professor of Psychology and Education Robert J Sternberg, PhD
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1999
ISBN : 9780262692120
File Size : 50,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

This book is the first to introduce the study of cognition in terms of the major conceptual themes that underlie virtually all the substantive topics.

Efficient Cognition

Efficient Cognition Book
Author : Armin W. Schulz
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2018-02-09
ISBN : 0262037602
File Size : 25,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Book Summary :

An argument that representational decision making is more cognitively efficient, allowing an organism to adjust more easily to changes in the environment. Many organisms (including humans) make decisions by relying on mental representations. Not simply a reaction triggered by perception, representational decision making employs high-level, non-perceptual mental states with content to manage interactions with the environment. A person making a decision based on mental representations, for example, takes a step back from her perceptions at the time to assess the nature of the world she lives in. But why would organisms rely on representational decision making, and what evolutionary benefits does this reliance provide to the decision maker? In Efficient Cognition, Armin Schulz argues that representational decision making can be more cognitively efficient than non-representational decision making. Specifically, he shows that a key driver in the evolution of representational decision making is that mental representations can enable an organism to save cognitive resources and adjust more efficiently to changed environments. After laying out the foundations of his argument—clarifying the central questions, the characterization of representational decision making, and the relevance of an evidential form of evolutionary psychology—Schulz presents his account of the evolution of representational decision making and critically considers some of the existing accounts of the subject. He then applies his account to three open questions concerning the nature of representational decision making: the extendedness of decision making, and when we should expect cognition to extend into the environment; the specialization of decision making and the use of simple heuristics; and the psychological sources of altruistic behaviors.