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An Introduction To Philosophical Analysis

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An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis

An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis Book
Author : John Hospers
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release : 1967
ISBN : 0987650XXX
File Size : 27,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis Book PDF/Epub Download

This book provides an in-depth, problem-oriented introduction to philosophical analysis using an extremely clear, readable approach. The "Fourth Edition" does not only update coverage throughout the book, but also restores the introductory chapter "Words and the World" the most distinguished, widely acclaimed feature of the first two editions. "

An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis

An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis Book
Author : John Hospers
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780415055765
File Size : 39,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis Book PDF/Epub Download

"An Introduction to Philosophical Analysis" presents the issues and conflicts inherent in philosophy. Among the book's many features is a new chapter on the problems of ethics, including the philosophy of law and of society, the nature of moral judgment and theories of normative ethics. This extensive revision includes new emphasis on the philosophy of science and problems of personal identity, as well as different approaches to a variety of issues.

An Introduction to Philosophical Methods

An Introduction to Philosophical Methods Book
Author : Christopher Daly
Publisher : Broadview Press
Release : 2010-07-20
ISBN : 155111934X
File Size : 55,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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An Introduction to Philosophical Methods Book PDF/Epub Download

An Introduction to Philosophical Methods is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the various philosophical methods, and so it will also be of interest to more experienced philosophers.

Philosophical Writing

Philosophical Writing Book
Author : A. P. Martinich
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-02-04
ISBN : 1405143924
File Size : 25,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Philosophical Writing Book PDF/Epub Download

Substantially updated and revised, the third edition ofPhilosophical Writing is designed to help those with littleor no experience in philosophy to think and write successfully. Traces the evolution of a good philosophical essay from draftstage to completion Now includes new examples of the structures of a philosophicalessay, new examples of rough drafts, tips on how to study for atest and a new section on how to utilize the interneteffectively Written with clarity and wit by a bestselling author

The Dawn of Analysis

The Dawn of Analysis Book
Author : Scott Soames
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2005-01-30
ISBN : 9780691122441
File Size : 33,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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The Dawn of Analysis Book PDF/Epub Download

This is a major, wide-ranging history of analytic philosophy since 1900, told by one of the tradition's leading contemporary figures. The first volume takes the story from 1900 to mid-century. The second brings the history up to date. As Scott Soames tells it, the story of analytic philosophy is one of great but uneven progress, with leading thinkers making important advances toward solving the tradition's core problems. Though no broad philosophical position ever achieved lasting dominance, Soames argues that two methodological developments have, over time, remade the philosophical landscape. These are (1) analytic philosophers' hard-won success in understanding, and distinguishing the notions of logical truth, a priori truth, and necessary truth, and (2) gradual acceptance of the idea that philosophical speculation must be grounded in sound prephilosophical thought. Though Soames views this history in a positive light, he also illustrates the difficulties, false starts, and disappointments endured along the way. As he engages with the work of his predecessors and contemporaries--from Bertrand Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein to Donald Davidson and Saul Kripke--he seeks to highlight their accomplishments while also pinpointing their shortcomings, especially where their perspectives were limited by an incomplete grasp of matters that have now become clear. Soames himself has been at the center of some of the tradition's most important debates, and throughout writes with exceptional ease about its often complex ideas. His gift for clear exposition makes the history as accessible to advanced undergraduates as it will be important to scholars. Despite its centrality to philosophy in the English-speaking world, the analytic tradition in philosophy has had very few synthetic histories. This will be the benchmark against which all future accounts will be measured.

Analysis and Metaphysics

Analysis and Metaphysics Book
Author : P. F. Strawson
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780198751182
File Size : 23,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Analysis and Metaphysics Book PDF/Epub Download

Professor Strewson draws on his many years of teaching at Oxford University, during which he refined and developed what he regards as the most productive route to understanding the fundamental structure of human thinking.

Philosophical Analysis and Education International Library of the Philosophy of Education Volume 1

Philosophical Analysis and Education  International Library of the Philosophy of Education Volume 1  Book
Author : Reginald Archambault
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2010-02-25
ISBN : 1135172285
File Size : 29,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Philosophical Analysis and Education International Library of the Philosophy of Education Volume 1 Book PDF/Epub Download

When originally published in 1965 this book reflected some of the new thinking among philosophers regarding the role of the discipline in its investigation of central issues in educaton. The essays are grouped into four major sections: The Nature and Function of Educational Theory; The Context of Educational Discussion; Conceptions of Teaching; and The Essence of Education. The concepts dealt with are of the first importance to any practical or theoretical discussion in education and the editor provides a generous introduction to the essays to aid the reader in his analysis of the issues.

Power

Power Book
Author : Peter Morriss
Publisher : Manchester University Press
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780719059964
File Size : 41,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Power Book PDF/Epub Download

Peter Morriss discusses the notion of 'power' and attempts to show how recent accounts of power have misinterpreted crucial components, thereby producing faulty analyses. He puts the study of power into a modern context and also explains why an understanding of power is so important in developing a radical critique of a society. The revised second edition includes a new foreword.

What Is the Argument

What Is the Argument  Book
Author : Maralee Harrell
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2016-10-21
ISBN : 0262529270
File Size : 29,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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What Is the Argument Book PDF/Epub Download

Exploring philosophy through detailed argument analyses of texts by philosophers from Plato to Strawson using a novel and transparent method of analysis. The best way to introduce students to philosophy and philosophical discourse is to have them read and wrestle with original sources. This textbook explores philosophy through detailed argument analyses of texts by philosophers from Plato to Strawson. It presents a novel and transparent method of analysis that will teach students not only how to understand and evaluate philosophers' arguments but also how to construct such arguments themselves. Students will learn to read a text and discover what the philosopher thinks, why the philosopher thinks it, and whether the supporting argument is good. Students learn argument analysis through argument diagrams, with color-coding of the argument's various elements—conclusion, claims, and “indicator phrases.” (An online “mini-course” in argument diagramming and argument diagramming software are both freely available online.) Each chapter ends with exercises and reading questions. After a general introduction to philosophy and logic and an explanation of argument analysis, the book presents selections from primary sources, arranged by topics that correspond to contemporary debates, with detailed analysis and evaluation. These topics include philosophy of religion, epistemology, theory of mind, free will and determinism, and ethics; authors include Aristotle, Aquinas, Descartes, Hume, Kant, Ryle, Fodor, Dennett, Searle, and others. What Is the Argument? not only introduces students to great philosophical thinkers, it also teaches them the essential skill of critical thinking.

Terrorism Ticking Time Bombs and Torture

Terrorism  Ticking Time Bombs  and Torture Book
Author : Fritz Allhoff
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2012-07-24
ISBN : 0226014827
File Size : 52,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Terrorism Ticking Time Bombs and Torture Book PDF/Epub Download

A provocative philosophical investigation into the ethics of torture, The War on Terror, and making tough choices in exceptional circumstances. The general consensus among philosophers is that the use of torture is never justified. In Terrorism, Ticking Time-Bombs, and Torture, Fritz Allhoff demonstrates the weakness of the case against torture; while allowing that torture constitutes a moral wrong, he nevertheless argues that, in exceptional cases, it represents the lesser of two evils. Allhoff does not take this position lightly. He begins by examining the way terrorism challenges traditional norms, discussing the morality of various practices of torture, and critically exploring the infamous ticking time-bomb scenario. After carefully considering these issues from a purely philosophical perspective, he turns to the empirical ramifications of his arguments, addressing criticisms of torture and analyzing the impact its adoption could have on democracy, institutional structures, and foreign policy. The crucial questions of how to justly authorize torture and how to set limits on its use make up the final section of this timely, provocative, and carefully argued book.

The Shenzi Fragments

The Shenzi Fragments Book
Author : Eirik Lang Harris
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2016-09-20
ISBN : 023154216X
File Size : 22,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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The Shenzi Fragments Book PDF/Epub Download

The Shenzi Fragments is the first complete translation in any Western language of the extant work of Shen Dao (350–275 B.C.E.). Though his writings have been recounted and interpreted in many texts, particularly in the work of Xunzi and Han Fei, very few Western scholars have encountered the political philosopher's original, influential formulations. This volume contains both a translation and an analysis of the Shenzi Fragments. It explains their distillation of the potent political theories circulating in China during the Warring States period, along with their seminal relationship to the Taoist and Legalist traditions and the philosophies of the Lüshi Chunqiu and the Huainanzi. These fragments outline a rudimentary theory of political order modeled on the natural world that recognizes the role of human self-interest in maintaining stable rule. Casting the natural world as an independent, amoral system, Shen Dao situates the source of moral judgment firmly within the human sphere, prompting political philosophy to develop in realistic directions. Harris's sophisticated translation is paired with commentary that clarifies difficult passages and obscure references. For sections open to multiple interpretations, he offers resources for further research and encourages readers to follow their own path to meaning, much as Shen Dao intended. The Shenzi Fragments offers English-language readers a chance to grasp the full significance of Shen Dao's work among the pantheon of Chinese intellectuals.

Philosophy of Social Science

Philosophy of Social Science Book
Author : Ted Benton,Ian Craib
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2017-09-16
ISBN : 1137285214
File Size : 48,7 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Philosophy of Social Science Book PDF/Epub Download

Philosophers and social scientists share a common goal: to explore fundamental truths about ourselves and the nature of the world in which we live. But in what ways do these two distinct disciplines inform each other and arrive at these truths? The 10th anniversary edition of this highly regarded text directly responds to such issues as it introduces students to the philosophy of social science. While staying true to the writing of the late Ian Craib, this perennial text has been brought up to date by Ted Benton. This new edition includes previously unpublished personal insights from both authors, incorporates new commentaries on classic content and features an additional chapter on recent developments in the field. The book: • Addresses critical issues relating to the nature of social science • Interrogates the relationship between social science and natural science • Encompasses traditional and contemporary perspectives • Introduces and critiques a wide range of approaches, from empiricism and positivism to post structuralism and rationalism. Written in an engaging and student-friendly style, the book introduces key ideas and concepts while raising questions and opening debates. A cornerstone text in the Traditions in Social Theory series, this book remains essential reading for all students of social theory.

The Story of Philosophy

The Story of Philosophy Book
Author : Will Durant
Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
Release : 2022-04-05
ISBN : 0486850803
File Size : 44,6 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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The Story of Philosophy Book PDF/Epub Download

Pulitzer Prize–winning author Will Durant chronicles the lives and ideas of several key philosophical thinkers throughout history in this informative yet eminently readable text. An essential read for anyone fascinated by the development of Western philosophy.

Extremism

Extremism Book
Author : Quassim Cassam
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-09-02
ISBN : 1000429407
File Size : 54,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Extremism Book PDF/Epub Download

Extremism is one of the most charged and controversial issues of the twenty-first century. Despite myriad programs of deradicalization and prevention around the world, it remains an intractable and poorly understood problem. Yet it is also sometimes regarded as a positive force – according to Martin Luther King Jr., 'the question is not whether we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be'. In this much-needed and lucid book, Quassim Cassam identifies three types of extremism – ideological; methods; and psychological extremism – and discusses the following fundamental topics and issues: What is extremism? What are the methods adopted by extremists? Is there an extremist ‘mindset’ and if so, what is it? What role do ideas of purity, victimhood and humiliation play in understanding extremism? How does extremism differ from fanaticism and fundamentalism? How does one become an extremist and how should we understand deradicalization? Throughout the book, Quassim Cassam uses many compelling examples, ranging from the Khmer Rouge, the IRA, Al-Qaeda and Timothy McVeigh to Philip Roth’s novel American Pastoral and counter-extremism programmes, including the UK’s Prevent strategy. Clear-headed and engaging, Extremism: A Philosophical Analysis is essential reading for anyone interested in this important topic, not only in Philosophy but related disciplines such as Politics and International Relations, Conflict and Terrorism Studies, Law, Education and Religion. It will also be of great interest to policy-makers and those engaged in understanding extremism at any level.

Bioethics in Canada Third Edition

Bioethics in Canada  Third Edition Book
Author : Carol Collier,Rachel Haliburton
Publisher : Canadian Scholars’ Press
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 1773382268
File Size : 49,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Bioethics in Canada Third Edition Book PDF/Epub Download

Now in its third edition, Bioethics in Canada: A Philosophical Introduction offers a comprehensive overview of the philosophical, historical, and medical concepts shaping contemporary debates on biomedical issues. The text opens with an introduction to moral theory and bioethical principles, followed by application of these theories and principles to real world ethical conflicts involving abortion, distributive justice, genetics, reproductive technology, and other vital topics. A landmark case opens each chapter, illuminating the many issues involved in these debates, as well as the philosophical assumptions that shape them. Thoroughly updated to reflect recent political, medical, and cultural changes, this third edition features new sections on Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD), the moral philosophy of liberalism in bioethics, the Mad movement, CRISPR and gene editing, and expanded content on mental health, rural and remote communities, and codes of conduct and codes of ethics. Accessibly written with newly added case studies in the health care workplace, this text is an insightful resource for courses in the disciplines of philosophy, health studies, medicine, and nursing, providing a strong ethical foundation in an ever-changing field.

Self Defense Necessity and Punishment

Self Defense  Necessity  and Punishment Book
Author : Uwe Steinhoff
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 1000727475
File Size : 23,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Self Defense Necessity and Punishment Book PDF/Epub Download

This book offers a philosophical analysis of the moral and legal justifications for the use of force. While the book focuses on the ethics self-defense, it also explores its relation to lesser evil justifications, public authority, the justification of punishment, and the ethics of war. Steinhoff’s account of the moral use of force covers a wide range of topics, including the nature of justification in general, the precise elements of different justifications, the logic of claim- and liberty-rights and of rights forfeiture, the value of human life and its limits, and the princples of reciprocity and precaution. While the author’s analysis is primarily philosophical, it is informed by a metaethical stance that also places heavy emphasis on existing law and legal scholarship. In doing so, the book appeals to widely shared moral intuitions, precepts, and concepts grounded in criminal law. Self-Defense, Necessity, and Punishment offers the most comprehensive and systematic account of the ethics of self-defense. It will be of interest to scholars and graduate students working in applied ethics and moral philosophy, philosophy of law, and political philosophy.

Plato s Republic An Introduction

Plato s  Republic   An Introduction Book
Author : Sean McAleer
Publisher : Open Book Publishers
Release : 2020-11-09
ISBN : 1800640560
File Size : 37,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Plato s Republic An Introduction Book PDF/Epub Download

It is an excellent book – highly intelligent, interesting and original. Expressing high philosophy in a readable form without trivialising it is a very difficult task and McAleer manages the task admirably. Plato is, yet again, intensely topical in the chaotic and confused world in which we are now living. Philip Allott, Professor Emeritus of International Public Law at Cambridge University This book is a lucid and accessible companion to Plato’s Republic, throwing light upon the text’s arguments and main themes, placing them in the wider context of the text’s structure. In its illumination of the philosophical ideas underpinning the work, it provides readers with an understanding and appreciation of the complexity and literary artistry of Plato’s Republic. McAleer not only unpacks the key overarching questions of the text – What is justice? And Is a just life happier than an unjust life? – but also highlights some fascinating, overlooked passages which contribute to our understanding of Plato’s philosophical thought. Plato’s 'Republic': An Introduction offers a rigorous and thought-provoking analysis of the text, helping readers navigate one of the world’s most influential works of philosophy and political theory. With its approachable tone and clear presentation, it constitutes a welcome contribution to the field, and will be an indispensable resource for philosophy students and teachers, as well as general readers new to, or returning to, the text.

Re Defining Racism

 Re  Defining Racism Book
Author : Alberto G. Urquidez
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-05-09
ISBN : 3030272575
File Size : 36,5 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Re Defining Racism Book PDF/Epub Download

What is racism? is a timely question that is hotly contested in the philosophy of race. Yet disagreement about racism’s nature does not begin in philosophy, but in the sociopolitical domain. Alberto G. Urquidez argues that philosophers of race have failed to pay sufficient attention to the practical considerations that prompt the question “What is racism?” Most theorists assume that “racism” signifies a language-independent phenomenon that needs to be “discovered” by the relevant science or “uncovered” by close scrutiny of everyday usage of this term. (Re-)Defining Racism challenges this metaphysical paradigm. Urquidez develops a Wittgenstein-inspired framework that illuminates the use of terms like “definition,” “meaning,” “explanation of meaning,” and “disagreement,” for the analysis of contested normative concepts. These elucidations reveal that providing a definition of “racism” amounts to recommending a form of moral representation—a rule for the correct use of “racism.” As definitional recommendations must be justified on pragmatic grounds, Urquidez takes as a starting point for justification the interests of racism's historical victims.

Introduction to Philosophical Analysis

Introduction to Philosophical Analysis Book
Author : James Burnham
Publisher : Palala Press
Release : 2018-03-04
ISBN : 9781379264453
File Size : 38,9 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Introduction to Philosophical Analysis Book PDF/Epub Download

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint

Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint Book
Author : Catherine Wilson
Publisher : Open Book Publishers
Release : 2016-01-18
ISBN : 1783742011
File Size : 45,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint Book PDF/Epub Download

Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint addresses in a novel format the major topics and themes of contemporary metaethics, the study of the analysis of moral thought and judgement. Metathetics is less concerned with what practices are right or wrong than with what we mean by ‘right’ and ‘wrong.’ Looking at a wide spectrum of topics including moral language, realism and anti-realism, reasons and motives, relativism, and moral progress, this book engages students and general readers in order to enhance their understanding of morality and moral discourse as cultural practices. Catherine Wilson innovatively employs a first-person narrator to report step-by-step an individual’s reflections, beginning from a position of radical scepticism, on the possibility of objective moral knowledge. The reader is invited to follow along with this reasoning, and to challenge or agree with each major point. Incrementally, the narrator is led to certain definite conclusions about ‘oughts’ and norms in connection with self-interest, prudence, social norms, and finally morality. Scepticism is overcome, and the narrator arrives at a good understanding of how moral knowledge and moral progress are possible, though frequently long in coming. Accessibly written, Metaethics from a First Person Standpoint presupposes no prior training in philosophy and is a must-read for philosophers, students and general readers interested in gaining a better understanding of morality as a personal philosophical quest.

The Structure of Social Science

The Structure of Social Science Book
Author : Michael H. Lessnoff
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-10-18
ISBN : 1000464091
File Size : 55,8 Mb
Language : En, Es, Fr and De

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The Structure of Social Science Book PDF/Epub Download

Originally published in 1974, this book provided a most useful introductory survey of all the major philosophical issues relating to the social sciences at the time. While it covers a remarkable amount of ground in a short space, it is never superficial, for its lucid and careful analysis does full justice to the complexities and controversies of the subject. Nor is it merely a survey, for, while putting all points of view with scrupulous fairness, the author never fails to make clear his own, and to support it with reasoned argument. The book’s basic framework is a comparison of physical and social science, and in this context the author examines the problems of the mental aspect of social life, general laws, the individual and the social, explanation, and the relation of fact to value. He is far from advocating (as is often done) the wholesale acceptance or rejection of the ‘physical science model’ in the social sciences – rather, he carefully considers the various elements of the model in relation to the nature of social life. A noteworthy feature of this book is the philosophical analysis of statistical correlations and tests of significance, which bulk so large in the practice of social scientists, yet are all too seldom discussed in books of this kind. Also of special interest is the penetrating and original analysis of functionalist explanation in social science. Students of the social sciences and of philosophy will find this an admirable introduction to an important aspect of their respective disciplines.