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A Theory Of Immediate Awareness

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A Theory of Immediate Awareness

A Theory of Immediate Awareness Book
Author : M. Estep
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-05-31
ISBN : 9781402011863
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a realist, multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary theory of immediate awareness showing it is the most primitive cognitive network underlying all our natural intelligence. Including preattentive and attention processes, as well as primitive relations of the senses, imagination and memory, immediate awareness is a kind of knowing deeply embedded and interwoven throughout our multiple kinds of natural intelligence. It permits as well as drives our knowing how, our bodily intelligence. Against the Cartesian mind-body split found in earlier and current theories, the author shows how immediate awareness permits emergent properties of mind in multilayered primitive relations of touching and moving in bodily kinesthetic intelligence. Contrary to existing theories, she argues that sensation is not cognitively "neutral", nor does it require a "representation" in order to be accessible to cognitive processes. Dr. Estep presents empirical evidence and arguments that sensation of immediate awareness is itself cognitive and embedded within our sensory and somatosensory-motor processes. The author's aim is to turn to a more geometric approach to natural intelligence, as opposed to the prevalent symbol-based view. In this approach, she uses random Boolean networks as a way of obtaining law-like properties of those primitive relations of immediate awareness in terms of dynamical systems theory. This demonstrates the properties of self-organization and adaptation of immediate awareness without committing one to a physicalist/materialist theory. It gives us a way of understanding core properties of our own inner conscious lives, and of understanding the smooth and seamless sensitivity of primitive sensory and somatosensory-motor awareness. Dr. Estep's theory of immediate awareness also shows that the computational view of mind is wrong. Though our minds do classify, classification is not all they do. Our immediate awareness indexically selects sui generis objects that are unique and of no kind or class. The influence of nominalism and narrow naturalist theories have resulted in extremely narrow concepts of the human knowing mind and intelligence, leaving out immediate awareness altogether. We slip into subtle nominalist fallacies when we take our language metaphors – and language itself – too far.

A Theory of Immediate Awareness

A Theory of Immediate Awareness Book
Author : M. Estep
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401701830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is multi- and interdisciplinary in both scope and content. It draws upon philosophy, the neurosciences, psychology, computer science, and engineering in efforts to resolve fundamental issues about the nature of immediate awareness. Approximately the first half of the book is addressed to historical approaches to the question whether or not there is such a thing as immediate awareness, and if so, what it might be. This involves reviewing arguments that one way or another have been offered as answers to the question or ways of avoiding it. It also includes detailed discussions of some complex questions about the part immediate awareness plays in our over-all natural intelligence. The second half of the book addresses intricate and complex issues involved in the computability of immediate awareness as it is found in simple, ordinary things human beings know how to do, as weIl as in some highly extraordinary things some know how to do. Over the past 2,500 years, human culture has discovered, created, and built very powerful tools for recognizing, classifying, and utilizing patterns found in the natural world. The most powerful of those tools is mathematics, the language of nature. The natural phenomenon of human knowing, of natural intelligence generally, is a very richly textured set of patterns that are highly complex, dynamic, self-organizing, and adaptive.

A Theory of Immediate Awareness

A Theory of Immediate Awareness Book
Author : M. Estep
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-01-15
ISBN : 9789401701846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Theory of Immediate Awareness book written by M. Estep, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies

A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies Book
Author : Leonard Nelson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-07
ISBN : 3319207830
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presented as a Vorlesung in the German philosophical tradition, this book presents the most detailed account of Nelson’s method of argument analysis, celebrated by many luminaries such as Karl Popper. It was written in 1921 in opposition to the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic tendencies of Nelson’s time. The book contains an exposition of a method that is a further development of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, followed by an application to the critical analysis of arguments by many famous thinkers, including Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The book presents a general theory of philosophical argumentation as seen from the viewpoint of the typical fallacies committed by anybody arguing philosophically, whether professional philosophers or philosophical laypeople. Although the nature of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is one of the most recurrent objects of reflection for philosophers, this book represents the first attempt at a general theory of philosophical fallacy. According to Nelson, it is in the shape of false dilemmas that errors in reasoning always emerge, and false dilemmas are always the result of the same mechanism--the unwitting replacement of one concept for another.

The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness

The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness Book
Author : Susan Schneider,Max Velmans
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 1119002206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Updated and revised, the highly-anticipated second edition of The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness offers a collection of readings that together represent the most thorough and comprehensive survey of the nature of consciousness available today. Features updates to scientific chapters reflecting the latest research in the field Includes 18 new theoretical, empirical, and methodological chapters covering integrated information theory, renewed interest in panpsychism, and more Covers a wide array of topics that include the origins and extent of consciousness, various consciousness experiences such as meditation and drug-induced states, and the neuroscience of consciousness Presents 54 peer-reviewed chapters written by leading experts in the study of consciousness, from across a variety of academic disciplines

The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge

The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge Book
Author : Karl Popper
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-05-01
ISBN : 1135626839
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In a letter of 1932, Karl Popper described Die beiden Grundprobleme der Erkenntnistheorie – The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge – as ‘...a child of crises, above all of ...the crisis of physics.’ Finally available in English, it is a major contribution to the philosophy of science, epistemology and twentieth century philosophy generally. The two fundamental problems of knowledge that lie at the centre of the book are the problem of induction, that although we are able to observe only a limited number of particular events, science nevertheless advances unrestricted universal statements; and the problem of demarcation, which asks for a separating line between empirical science and non-science. Popper seeks to solve these two basic problems with his celebrated theory of falsifiability, arguing that the inferences made in science are not inductive but deductive; science does not start with observations and proceed to generalise them but with problems, which it attacks with bold conjectures. The Two Fundamental Problems of the Theory of Knowledge is essential reading for anyone interested in Karl Popper, in the history and philosophy of science, and in the methods and theories of science itself.

Bertrand Russell s Theory of Knowledge

Bertrand Russell s Theory of Knowledge Book
Author : Elizabeth Ramsden Eames
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-20
ISBN : 0415662117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When future generations come to analyze and survey twentieth-century philosophy as a whole, Bertrand Russell’s logic and theory of knowledge is assured a place of prime importance. Yet until this book was first published in 1969 no comprehensive treatment of his epistemology had appeared. Commentators on twentieth-century philosophy at the time assumed that Russell’s important contributions to the theory of knowledge were made before 1921. This book challenges that assumption and draws attention to features of Russell’s later work which were overlooked. The analysis starts with Russell’s earliest views and moves from book to book and article to article through his enormous span of writing on the problems and theory of knowledge. The changes in ideas as he developed the theory are traced, and the study culminates in a statement of his latest views. His work is seen in a continuity in which the changes were part of the development of his mature thought, and the total evaluation and interpretation clarify many of the common misunderstandings of his philosophy. This is naturally of interest to all philosophers, and for students this is the answer to inevitable questions on the nature of Russell’s ideas and their evolution.

Human Cognitive Abilities in Theory and Practice

Human Cognitive Abilities in Theory and Practice Book
Author : John J. McArdle,Richard W. Woodcock
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-04-04
ISBN : 1135683506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on human cognitive abilities has a long history in psychology and education, and has been widely applied to practical problems in schools, clinics, and employment settings. This book explores the historical background and current views of how human intelligence manifests itself in real-world contexts.

A Theory of Art

A Theory of Art Book
Author : Karol Berger
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0195158520
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What, if anything, has art to do with the rest of our lives and in particular with those ethical and political issues that matter to us most? This book examines the situation of art today and shifts the focus of aesthetics from the question of "What is art?" to the question of "What is art for?" "...a convincingly argued, richly textured, and timely book."--John Daverio, Boston University

Mind

Mind Book
Author : George Croom Robertson,George Frederick Stout,George Edward Moore
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1909
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A quarterly review of philosophy.

Logic The Theory Of Inquiry

Logic   The Theory Of Inquiry Book
Author : John Dewey
Publisher : Read Books Ltd
Release : 2018-01-04
ISBN : 1447496728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Originally published in 1938, this book contains John Dewey's study of inquiry, and will prove to be a fascinating read for anyone with an interest in psychology. Inquiry is one of the most essential skills in the world of business and management. This book can help clarify the process of inquiry and develop skills for inquiry in the context of decision making.

A Faculty Theory of Knowledge

A Faculty Theory of Knowledge Book
Author : George Stern
Publisher : Bucknell University Press
Release : 1971
ISBN : 9780838778210
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work draws together the strands of doctrine into the epistemological theory that Hume called a mental geography, which translates in modern terms into a faculty theory of knowledge. This theory forms the foundation of Hume's other best-known doctrines and, the author argues, is essential to their proper understanding.

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind

The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind Book
Author : Julian Jaynes
Publisher : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Release : 2000-08-15
ISBN : 0547527543
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

National Book Award Finalist: “This man’s ideas may be the most influential, not to say controversial, of the second half of the twentieth century.”—Columbus Dispatch At the heart of this classic, seminal book is Julian Jaynes's still-controversial thesis that human consciousness did not begin far back in animal evolution but instead is a learned process that came about only three thousand years ago and is still developing. The implications of this revolutionary scientific paradigm extend into virtually every aspect of our psychology, our history and culture, our religion—and indeed our future. “Don’t be put off by the academic title of Julian Jaynes’s The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Its prose is always lucid and often lyrical…he unfolds his case with the utmost intellectual rigor.”—The New York Times “When Julian Jaynes . . . speculates that until late in the twentieth millennium BC men had no consciousness but were automatically obeying the voices of the gods, we are astounded but compelled to follow this remarkable thesis.”—John Updike, The New Yorker “He is as startling as Freud was in The Interpretation of Dreams, and Jaynes is equally as adept at forcing a new view of known human behavior.”—American Journal of Psychiatry

The Christian Ambassador

The Christian Ambassador Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1873
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Christian Ambassador book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thomas Reid s Theory of Perception

Thomas Reid s Theory of Perception Book
Author : Ryan Nichols
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2007-01-11
ISBN : 0199276919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The thesis that the mind cannot directly apprehend features of the physical world - what Reid calls the Way of Ideas - is a staple of Early Modern philosophical tradition. This commitment to the direct awareness of, and only of, mental representations unifies the otherwise divergent philosophical systems of Rationalists and Empiricists. Thomas Reid battles against this thesis on many fronts, in particular over the nature of perception.Ryan Nichols lays the groundwork for Reid's theory of perception by developing Reid's unheralded argument against a representational theory of thought, which Nichols applies to his discussion of the intentionality of perceptual states and Reid's appeal to 'signs'. Reid's efforts to preserve common sense epistemic commitments also lead him to adopt unique theories about our concepts of primary and secondary qualities, and about original and acquired perceptions. About the latter pair, Nicholsargues that most perceptual beliefs depend for their justification upon inferences. The Way of Ideas holds that sensations are objects of awareness and that our senses are not robustly unified. Nichols develops Reid's counter-proposals by examining his discussion of the evolutionary purpose ofsensations, and the nature of our awareness of sensations, as well as his intriguing affirmative answer to Molyneux's questions.Nichols brings to the writing of this book a consummate knowledge of Reid's texts, published and unpublished, and a keen appreciation for Reid's responses to his predecessors. He frequently reconstructs arguments in premise/conclusion form, thereby clarifying disputes that have frustrated previous Reid scholarship. This clarification, his lively examples, and his plainspoken style make this book especially readable. Reid's theory of perception is by far the most important feature of Reid'sphilosophical system, and Nichols offers what will be, for a long time to come, the definitive analysis of this theory.

Cartesian Truth

Cartesian Truth Book
Author : Thomas C. Vinci
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1998-04-23
ISBN : 0198027303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bold and pioneering, this book makes a detailed historical and systematic case that Descartes's theory of knowledge is an elegant and powerful combination of a priori, naturalistic, and dialectical elements meriting serious consideration by both contemporary analytic philosophers and postmodern thinkers. In the course of making this case Thomas Vinci develops a broad reinterpretation of Cartesian thought that unlocks novel solutions to many of the most vexed questions in Cartesian scholarship.

The Nyaya Theory of Knowledge

The Nyaya Theory of Knowledge Book
Author : Satischandra Chatterjee
Publisher : Motilal Banarsidass
Release : 2016-01-01
ISBN : 8120840828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a system of realism, the Nyëya deserves special study to show that Idealism was not the only philosophical creed of ancient India. This book is an attempt to give a complete account of the Nyëya theory of knowledge in comparison with the rival theories of other systems, Indian and Western, and critical estimation of its worth. Though theories of knowledge of the Vedënta and other schools have been partially studied in this way by some, there has as yet been no such systematic, critical and comparative treatment of the Nyëya epistemology, The importance of such a study of Indian realistic theories of knowledge can scarcely be overrated in this modern age of Realism.

Basic Buddhism

Basic Buddhism Book
Author : Huaijin Nan
Publisher : Weiser Books
Release : 1997-01-01
ISBN : 9781578630202
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nan Huai Chin, a learned representative of the Chinese Buddhist tradition, explores the many different schools of Buddhism and the many stories surrounding the life of Buddha. He explains various philosophical trends in Buddhism and the aspects it hastaken on throughout Asia, Europe, and America. For a solid understanding of Buddhism, this book is clearly indispensable reading!

The Presbyterian Review

The Presbyterian Review Book
Author : Charles Augustus Briggs,Archibald Alexander Hodge,Francis Landrey Patton,Benjamin Breckenridge Warfield
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1880
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes section "Reviews of recent theological literature".

An Analysis of Knowing

An Analysis of Knowing Book
Author : John Hartland-Swann
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-07-24
ISBN : 1317411870
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1958, this book focuses on the meaning, interpretation, and use of the verb ‘to know’. In our daily lives we are often claiming to know this or not to know that; and it is not therefore surprising that the verb has played a major role in philosophical speculation from Plato down to Bertrand Russell. This book analyses the varying meanings of ‘know’ in its different operational roles: knowing Jones seems to have a different sort of logic from knowing French or from knowing what to do – and equally from knowing that the earth is round and from knowing how to read music. Knowing something is also different from merely believing it. The main purpose of this book is to elucidate, in a new and original way, this whole question of the logical behaviour of ‘know’; but its further and no less important purpose is to show how, once we have grasped the way in which certain key ‘know’-statements function, a number of philosophical disputes may be discussed more fruitfully and settled more expeditiously. Some of the analyses offered will be regarded as controversial and will undoubtedly provoke discussion. The style is lucid and economical and technical terms are reduced to a minimum. This work is intended not only for the professional philosopher and the university student, but also for the general reader who is interested in the methods of modern philosophical analysis.